Home / Special Collections / Housing and Domestic Violence

Special Collection: Housing and Domestic Violence

This special collection is a categorized and selected listing of articles, bibliographies, fact sheets, laws and court action, papers, regulations, reports and surveys. It is offered as an additional tool to assist advocates working on and interesting in housing issues related to ending violence against women. Items may be cross-referenced for ease of use. Direct links to the documents are provided from this page. For additional annotated information on a document click on "more information." Comments and content suggestions welcome. Contact the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence at 1-800-537-2238; 1-800-553-2508 (TTY).

Table of Contents:

   
  • Acronym & Abbreviation Key
    Click here for a list of organizational, legislative, and trade-related acronyms, abbreviations, and terms contained in the annotated entries of this special housing collection.

Domestic Violence & Homelessness | Back to top

  • The Intersection of Domestic Violence and Homelessness | PDF PDF (12 p.)
    by Linda Olsen, Chiquita Rollins, and Kris Billhardt for the Washington State Coalition Against Domestic Violence and the Volunteers of America Home Free Program (June 2013)
    This paper provides a historical context of domestic violence and homelessness and outlines how housing/homeless and domestic violence movements have and continue to intersect.
    + View Summary
  • Women’s Homeless Shelters: Information Resources for the Homeless | HTML HTML (4 p.)
    by Housing and Urban Development (2008)
    This website provides resources and contact information for shelters and other DV resources.
    + View Summary
  • Domestic Violence, Homelessness, and Children's Education | PDF PDF (7 p.)
    by National Center for Homeless Education (2001)
    This paper discusses the McKinney-Vento legislation including who is covered under the act and how it affects homeless children.
    + View Summary
  • Domestic Violence And Housing: Key Policy And Program Challenges
    by A. Menard, Violence Against Women, 7, 707-720 (14 pages) (2001)
    This article outlines connections between domestic violence and housing issues and identifies three key policy and program recommendations for continued consideration and attention.
    + View Summary
  • Overview of Homelessness in Minnesota 2006: Key facts from the statewide survey | PDF PDF (61 p.)
    by Wilder Research Center ((April 2007))
    Drawn from interviews with more than 3,000 homeless adults and youth throughout Minnesota, this research describes some of the causes, effects and circumstances surrounding homelessness.
    + View Summary
  • Pathways to and from Homelessness: Women And Children In Chicago Shelters | PDF PDF (16 p.)
    by R. Levin, L. McKean, & J. Raphael, Center For Impact Research (2004)
    This report provides information from structured interviews with 45 homeless women living in emergency shelters (not domestic violence shelters) in Chicago during May, June, and July 2003.
    + View Summary
  • Woman Battering: A Major Cause of Homelessness
    by J. Zorza, Clearinghouse Review 25(4), 421-427 (1991)
    This piece reviews information showing that battered women and their children are a significant proportion of the homeless shelter population. Statistics provided reveal how women are forced to stay with abusers due to a lack of housing and money.
    + View Summary

Domestic Violence Housing Initiatives | Back to top

  • Domestic Violence Housing First Video: The Family Resource Center | HTML HTML [10:23]
    by the Washington State Coalition Against Domestic Violence Housing First Project (June 2013)
    This video shows how one program in Washington State is developing community relationships and expanding services to address the unique needs of survivors who are facing homelessness and housing instability.
    + View Summary
  • Federal Housing Laws and Domestic Violence | PDF PDF (39 p.)
    by National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty (June 26, 2008)
    This document outlines legislation regarding Fair Housing and Violence against Women and discusses both of their impacts in relation to Domestic Violence.
    + View Summary
  • Domestic Violence & Fair Housing | HTML HTML (2 p.)
    by Fair Housing in Southern Pennsylvania Rights Center (2008)
    This webpage provides information on what legal protections exists for victims of DV and what we can do to help ensure safety.
    + View Summary
  • Housing And Battered Women: A Case Study of Domestic Violence Programs in Iowa | PDF PDF (12 p.) HTML HTML
    by Amy Corriea, Building Comprehensive Solutions to Domestic Violence, National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (March 1999)
    This paper describes the design, implementation and results of a survey of Iowa’s DV programs. Study goals were to describe housing services by DV programs and identify barriers battered women face in securing affordable housing.
    + View Summary
  • Innovative Strategies To Provide Housing For Battered Women | PDF PDF (12 p.) HTML HTML
    by Amy Corriea, Building Comprehensive Solutions to Domestic Violence, National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (January 1999)
    This paper highlights 8 DV programs response to the housing needs of battered women. All initiatives describe collaborative relationships with agencies, including PHAs, homeless coalitions, nonprofit housing developers and/or homeless service providers.
    + View Summary

Fact Sheets | Back to top

  • The Violence Against Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 | HTML HTML (21 p.)
    by National Task Force to End Sexual and Domestic Violence Against Women (2005)
    This fact sheet describes changes to the VAWA Act and lays out new provisions in the Act.
    + View Summary
  • Housing Rights for Survivors of Domestic Violence Living in Public Housing or Using Vouchers | PDF PDF (5 p.)
    by Legal Momentum (2006)
    This Q&A fact sheet gives information about VAWA of 2005 and how it can help survivors of domestic violence.
    + View Summary
  • The Rights of Domestic Violence Survivors in Public and Subsidized Housing | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by ACLU (2008)
    This guide discusses survivors’ rights in reference to housing. It includes rules and regulations passed to protect victims’ of domestic violence.
    + View Summary
  • The Problem and a Remedy: The Impact of the Violence Against Women Act 2005 (VAWA) on the Housing Rights and Options of Survivors of Domestic and Sexual Violence | PDF PDF (4 p.)
    by National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty (2006)
    This document explains the intersection of domestic violence and homelessness and briefly summarizes the housing-related provisions of VAWA 2005. A more detailed companion document is referenced herein, under “One Strike.”
    + View Summary
  • Domestic Violence and Homelessness, NCH Fact Sheet 7 | PDF PDF (3 p.)
    by National Coalition For The Homeless (June 2008)
    This fact sheet focuses on references and statistics on the intersection of DV and homelessness. Increasing affordable housing, ensuring adequate wages and income supports, and providing necessary supportive services are emphasized.
    + View Summary
  • Domestic Violence and Homelessness | PDF PDF (4 p.)
    by ACLU Women's Rights Project (2004)
    This fact sheet covers homelessness and DV, DV and poverty, and how women can be trapped by homelessness and violence. This piece encourages policy that reduces the risk of homeless for survivors through housing discrimination protection.
    + View Summary
  • Housing Discrimination and Domestic Violence | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by ACLU Women's Rights Project (2009)
    This fact sheet describes sex discrimination in housing and how eviction of domestic violence survivors can be a form of sex discrimination.
    + View Summary
  • Housing In America: Recent Research On Housing Trends
    by Campaign For Housing And Community Development Funding (December 2003)
    This fact sheet provides current information, charts and statistics on the lack of affordability of housing. It provides current information, charts and statistics on rural housing, people with disabilities and immigrant families.
    + View Summary
  • People Need Affordable Housing | HTML HTML (2 p.)
    by National Coalition For The Homeless (2003)
    This fact sheet shows the growing shortage of affordable housing in the US and those at risk. Stats include statements on the housing crisis, the rise of rental costs, the necessity of assistance, and discrimination suffered by the poorest.
    + View Summary
  • Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers and Homelessness | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by National Alliance To End Homelessness
    This fact sheet describes the Housing Choice Voucher Program, why and how it is effective and the different situations of individuals who access this program. Statistics are given which support the effectiveness of the voucher program.
    + View Summary
  • Domestic Violence and Housing | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by National Coalition Against Domestic Violence
    This fact sheet shows the risks of homelessness for DV survivors, the difficulty in obtaining permanent housing, and housing discrimination.
    + View Summary

Public Housing Occupancy Guidebook | Back to top

The HUD Public Housing Occupancy Guidebook is a reference tool for public housing staff. Chapter 19 of the guidebook explicitly covers domestic violence issues.

  • Public Housing Occupancy Guidebook, Part 7 - Chapter 19: Domestic Violence | HTML HTML (12 p.)
    by US Department Of Housing And Urban Development (2004)
    This is an essential tool for domestic violence advocates involved with individual and systemic housing advocacy. The guidebook covers preferences, transfers, confidentiality, mitigating “negative” rental histories, and federal laws and regs.
    + View Summary

Housing Needs Reported by DV Survivors | Back to top

Refers to studies which present information and recommendations from battered women directly and/or focus on reports of what battered women may find helpful.

  • Housing: Safety, Stability and Dignity for Survivors of Domestic Violence | PDF PDF (10 p.)
    by Chiquita Rollins, Kris Billhardt, and Linda Olsen for the Washington State Coalition Against Domestic Violence and the Volunteers of America Home Free Program (June 2013)
    This paper contains information on the importance of housing stability for survivors of domestic violence, and lays the foundation for establishing effective systems to address housing and homeless issues.
    + View Summary
  • Domestic Violence and Housing Problems: A Contextual Analysis of Women's Help-Seeking, Received Informal Support, and Formal System Response
    by C. K. Baker, S. L. Cook, & F. H. Norris, Violence Against Women, 9, 754-783 (2003)
    This study is helpful for its report on the resources that women said they needed - including shelters, legal, utilities, day care, child support, financial and education. Available from: Contact the NRCDV at 800-537-2238.
    + View Summary
  • The Economic Impacts of Domestic Violence: A Blueprint for Action | PDF PDF (70 p.)
    by The Economic Stability Working Group Of The Transition Subcommittee Of The Governor's Commission On (2002)
    This report contains selected findings and recommendations resulting from a series of hearings held in MA in June 2001. The hearings involved more than 125 people, with 40% of these identifying as survivors of domestic violence.
    + View Summary
  • Lifting the Voices of Homeless Women: Summary of Findings And Recommendations | PDF PDF (29 p.)
    by Roofless Women's Action Research Mobilization, Women's Institute For Housing And Economic Developmen (1997)
    This report is focused on the RWARM, a participatory research project led by a team of formerly homeless women. Interviews were conducted with 126 homeless women. An additional 25 formerly homeless women participated in focus groups in 1996.
    + View Summary
  • Unlocking the Door, A Call to Action
    by The Women And Housing Task Force, McAuley Institute (1996)
    This report informs advocates of needs of women trying to secure safe, affordable housing. The material is divided into 13 issues and includes a description of the issue, statistics and recommendations for action, a resource list and a success story.
    + View Summary
  • Women Need Safe, Stable, Affordable Housing: A Study of Social Housing, Private Rental Housing and Co-Op Housing in Winnipeg | HTML HTML (50 p.) PDF PDF (50 p.)
    by M. McCracken & G. Watson, Prairie Women's Health Centre Of Excellence (2004)
    This report describes the differences between private housing, public housing and cooperative housing in Winnipeg and supports the notion that co-op housing, because it is designed to give residents a voice in governance, better suits the needs of women.
    + View Summary

VAWA 2005: Housing Provisions | Back to top

VAWA 2005 (Public Law 109-162) is the second reauthorization of the historic Violence Against Women Act originally passed by the U.S. Congress in 1994. In VAWA 2005, there is, for the first time, a concentrated focus on housing issues explicitly related to domestic and sexual violence. These new provisions appear in Title VI.

  • The Impact of the Violence Against Women Act of 2005 (VAWA) on the Housing Rights and Options of Survivors of Domestic and Sexual Violence | PDF PDF (10 p.)
    by National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty (March 2006)
    This Q&A document explains the key housing provisions of VAWA2005, including housing-related grant programs, amendments to public housing and section 8 regarding eviction defense, eligibility, and portability, HMIS changes, and new planning requirements.
    + View Summary
  • An Update on VAWA & Confidentiality | PDF PDF (3 p.)
    by Safety Net: the National Safe & Strategic Technology Project, National Network to End Domestic Violence (January 2006)
    This document provides an analysis of HMIS-related provisions contained in VAWA 2005, signed into law on January 5, 2006. Describes how new VAWA provisions protect victim information under Section 3 and Section 605.
    + View Summary
  • VAWA Confidentiality | HTML HTML (1 p.)
    by National Network to End Domestic Violence (2009)
    This is a Q&A about VAWA, how it works and what information it protects.
    + View Summary
  • Domestic Violence and Family Support Programs: Creating Opportunities to Help Young Children and Their Families | PDF PDF (42 p.)
    by Nilofer Ahsan, The Center for the Study of Social Policy (2004)
    These papers address ways in which recourses can be used to help children and families affected by domestic violence.
    + View Summary

Affordable Housing | Back to top

Affordable housing, under federal guidelines, is housing that costs an owner or renter no more than 30% of household income. Households are "rent burdened" if they pay between 30 and 50 percent of income towards housing costs. Those households paying more than 50% of their income towards housing costs are considered "severely rent burdened."

  • America's Neighbors: The Affordable Housing Crisis And The People It Affects | PDF PDF (21 p.)
    by National Low Income Housing Coalition (February 2004)
    This short report is an excellent source for statistics on housing issues from a national perspective. The report analyzes housing problems in comparison to food insecurity and lack of health insurance. It is an excellent resource for talking points.
    + View Summary
  • Out Of Reach 2007-2008 | HTML HTML (2 p.)
    by National Low Income Housing Coalition (2008)
    This piece analyzes the: national housing wage for a two bedroom unit, lack of affordable housing for extremely low income renters, inadequacy of minimum wage earnings and SSI benefits to pay for housing, and the insufficiency of the average renter wage.
    + View Summary
  • Priced Out In 2006: The Housing Crisis for People with Disabilities | HTML HTML (43 p.)
    by Ann O’Hara, Emily Cooper, Andrew Zovistoski, and Jonathan Buttrick, Technical Assistance Collaborative, Inc. & Consortium For Citizens With Disabilities Housing Task Fo (2007)
    This biennial report documents the scope of the housing crisis by comparing SSI monthly income to HUD Fair Market Rents across the US. The report reveals the extreme housing affordability crisis for those people living on an SSI income.
    + View Summary

Court Action, Laws, & Regulations | Back to top

  • State Housing Laws and Legislation to Ensure Housing Rights for Survivors of Violence Against Women | PDF PDF (27 p.)
    by National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty (February 25, 2008)
    Providing comprehensive information on current, pending and unsuccessfully proposed legislation protecting the housing rights of survivors of domestic violence, this document is intended for use by advocates, attorneys and organizations.
    + View Summary
Court Action
  • Department of Housing and Urban Development v. Rucker | HTML HTML (7 p.)
    by U.S. Supreme Court (2002)
    (42 U.S.C. §1437d(l)(6) unambiguously requires lease terms that vest local PHAs with the discretion to evict tenants for the drug-related activity of household members and guests whether or not the tenant knew, or should have known, about the activity)
    + View Summary
  • Bouley v. Young-Sabourin, (D. Vt. 2005)(Ruling on Cross Motions for Summary Judgment) | PDF PDF (6 p.)
    (2005)
    (finding inter alia that a domestic violence survivor demonstrated a claim of sex discrimination under the Fair Housing Act when her landlord evicted her after a domestic violence assault).
    + View Summary
  • United States and Tiffanie Alvera v. C.B.M. Group, Inc., CV No. 01-857-PA (D. Or., filed June 8, 2001) | PDF PDF (14 p.)
    (a docketed case with a consent decree involving a landlord with housing funded by USDA Rural dollars giving notice to evict a survivor of DV after she informed the landlord of a protection order she obtained against the perpetrator).
    + View Summary
Federal Law
  • The Fair Housing Act | HTML HTML ( p.)
    by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
    This page, subtitled “Fair Housing--It's Your Right” provides basic facts about the Fair Housing Act including what is covered and what is prohibited.
    + View Summary
  • Quality Housing and Work Responsibility Act of 1998 §514(e), Pub. L. No. 105-276 (codified at 42 U.S.C. §1437f note) | Word DOC
    (providing the sense of Congress that, PHAs should, consistent with the PHA plan, consider preferences for individuals who DV victims.)
    + View Summary
  • Violence Against Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005, Title VI of Pub. L. No. 109-162 (to be codified at various sections of Title 42)(pg. 179-237)
    Available from: http://thomas.loc.gov/
    (providing congressional findings, public housing and section 8 housing choice voucher protections, McKinney-Vento HMIS amendments, federal housing planning requirements modifications, and grant programs explicitly relevant to DV survivors).
    + View Summary
Federal Regulations
  • 24 C.F.R. §982.207(b)(4) | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    GPO Access (2005)
    (providing that under the Section 8 Tenant Based Assistance Housing Choice Voucher Program a PHA should consider whether to adopt a local preference for admission of families that include victims of domestic violence).
    + View Summary
  • 24 C.F.R. §960.206(b)(4) | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    GPO Access (2005)
    (providing that for public housing a PHA should consider whether to adopt a local preference for admission of families that include victims of domestic violence).
    + View Summary
State and Local Law
  • State Laws and Legislation to Ensure Housing Rights for Survivors of Domestic and Sexual Violence | PDF PDF (10 p.)
    by National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty (March 2006)
    This document is a compilation of state laws and pending state legislation involving housing and domestic and sexual violence. The material is organized in chart form and by type of law, state, citation, and a brief summary.
    + View Summary
  • State Law Guide: Housing Protections for Victims of Domestic and Sexual Violence and Stalking | HTML HTML
    by Legal Momentum (Updated Regularly)
    This guide lists state laws and recent legislative proposals addressing DV and SA housing-related issues, including prohibitions on housing discrimination, defenses to eviction, termination of leases, and penalties for seeking police assistance.
    + View Summary
  • Housing Discrimination Against Victims of Domestic Violence by W. Weiser & G. Boehm, Clearinghouse Review (2002)
    This excellent article describes the federal and state laws that may be used to assist survivors of domestic violence facing eviction or loss of housing opportunities due to battering perpetrated against them.
    + View Summary

Discrimination & Fair Housing | Back to top

Discrimination & fair housing refers to laws, policies and practices addressing unequal and biased treatment of people based upon prohibited classifications, e.g. race or color, national origin, religion, sex, familial status (having one or more children under the age of 18) or disability.

  • Guidance on Domestic Violence Discrimination | PDF PDF (15 p.)
    from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
    This guidance from HUD makes it clear that residents who are denied or evicted from housing as a result of domestic violence may have basis to file a discrimination complaint with HUD under the federal Fair Housing Act.
    + View Summary
  • Fair Housing for Battered Women | PDF PDF (1 p.)
    by Emily J. Martin (2006)
    This article discusses how you can use civil rights legislation to prevent homelessness in the case of domestic violence.
    + View Summary
  • Lost Housing, Lost Safety: Survivors of Domestic Violence Experience Housing Denials and Evictions across the Country | PDF PDF (19 p.)
    by The National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty (February 2007)
    This report is the analysis of surveys conducted among homeless women and low-income domestic violence survivors.
    + View Summary
  • 2005 Fair Housing Trends Report | PDF PDF (16 p.)
    by National Fair Housing Alliance (April 2005)
    This 2005 report specifically addresses the nature and extent of racial segregation in the U.S. and finds "a crisis of racial segregation at a time when funding for and commitment to the enforcement of fair housing laws is in a precipitous decline."
    + View Summary
  • Discrimination in Metropolitan Housing Markets - Phase 3. Executive Summary | HTML HTML (7 p.)
    by M. Turner & S. Ross (2003)
    This executive report focuses on housing discrimination experienced by Native Americans when they search for housing in metropolitan areas of MN, MT, and NM.
    + View Summary
  • Housing Discrimination Against Abused Women | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by National Law Center On Homelessness & Poverty (2006)
    This Q&A discusses discrimination in housing and the legal avenues that DV survivors can use. This includes information regarding the Fair Housing Act and when to contact an attorney.
    + View Summary
  • Housing Discrimination Against Victims of Domestic Violence by W. Weiser & G. Boehm, Clearinghouse Review (2002)
    This excellent article describes the federal and state laws that may be used to assist survivors of domestic violence facing eviction or loss of housing opportunities due to battering perpetrated against them.
    + View Summary
  • Press Release and Fair Housing Act Court Ruling Prohibiting Discrimination Against Domestic Violence Victims | HTML HTML (1 p.)
    by ACLU Women's Rights Project (April 18, 2005)
    This press release describes facts in Bouley v. Young-Sabourin, where a DV survivor was evicted after reporting an incident of DV. The court ruling provides that discrimination against a victim of DV, if proven, can be sex discrimination under FHA.
    + View Summary
  • Press Release: Victim of Domestic Violence who faced Eviction Reaches Settlement With St. Louis Housing Authority | HTML HTML (2 p.)
    by ACLU Women's Rights Project (October 6, 2005)
    This PR describes HUD’s agreement with a PHA to relocate a DV survivor to another apartment, refund the money that she paid for broken windows, ban her ex-boyfriend from the property, and send housing authority employees to DV awareness training.
    + View Summary
  • Press Release, Consent Decree and Determination of Reasonable Cause in United States and Tiffanie Alvera v. C.B.M. Group, Inc., CV No. 01-857-PA (D. Or., filed June 8, 2001) | HTML HTML (21 p.)
    (November 5, 2001)
    (a docketed case with a consent decree involving a landlord with housing funded by USDA Rural dollars giving notice to evict a survivor of DV after she informed the landlord of a protection order she obtained against the perpetrator).
    + View Summary

Early Lease Termination for Survivors of DV | Back to top

  • Early Lease Termination by Battered Tenants | PDF PDF (4 p.)
    by Naomi Stern, Vol. 10, No. 3 Domestic Violence Report (February/March 2005)
    This article describes some state laws and legislative developments regarding early lease termination. The article includes advocacy strategies, both negotiation and litigation, in the absence of specific federal, state, and local laws covering survivors.
    + View Summary
  • The Impact of the Violence Against Women Act of 2005 (VAWA) on the Housing Rights and Options of Survivors of Domestic and Sexual Violence | PDF PDF (10 p.)
    by National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty (March 2006)
    This Q&A document explains the key housing provisions of VAWA2005, including housing-related grant programs, amendments to public housing and section 8 regarding eviction defense, eligibility, and portability, HMIS changes, and new planning requirements.
    + View Summary

Federal Government Housing Programs & Policy | Back to top

  • Protection against Domestic Violence Under Housing Law | HTML HTML (5 p.)
    by Women’s Aid (January 2006)
    This website provides information about Housing and DV. Topics include help with permanent housing and the Homelessness Act of 2002.
    + View Summary
  • Federal Housing Resource Guide | PDF PDF (15 p.)
    Technical Assistance Collaborative (2001)
    This manual lays out federal housing programs including programs for the elderly and section 8 housing.
    + View Summary
  • Federal Housing Laws and Domestic Violence | PDF PDF (39 p.)
    by National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty (June 26, 2008)
    This document outlines legislation regarding Fair Housing and Violence against Women and discusses both of their impacts in relation to Domestic Violence.
    + View Summary
  • The Impact of the Violence Against Women Act of 2005 (VAWA) on the Housing Rights and Options of Survivors of Domestic and Sexual Violence | PDF PDF (10 p.)
    by National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty (March 2006)
    This Q&A document explains the key housing provisions of VAWA2005, including housing-related grant programs, amendments to public housing and section 8 regarding eviction defense, eligibility, and portability, HMIS changes, and new planning requirements.
    + View Summary
  • 2008 Advocates' Guide to Housing and Community Development Policy | PDF PDF (232 p.)
    by National Low Income Housing Coalition (2008)
    This guide, issued/updated annually, is an extremely practical and useful document for its breadth of review of federal housing-related programs such as CDBG, Fair Housing, HOPE VI, Housing Choice Vouchers, McKinney-Vento, and Public Housing.
    + View Summary
  • Domestic Violence and Public and Subsidized Housing: Addressing the Needs of Battered Tenants Through Local Housing Policy | HTML HTML (10 p.) PDF PDF (10 p.)
    by Emily Martin & Naomi Stern, Clearinghouse Review 551 (January-February 2005)
    This article is an excellent tool for advocates looking for strategies to improve access to federal housing programs for non-immigrant domestic violence survivors. The focus is on federal public housing and the Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Program.
    + View Summary
  • Public Housing Occupancy Guidebook, Part 7 - Chapter 19: Domestic Violence | HTML HTML (12 p.)
    by US Department Of Housing And Urban Development (2004)
    This is an essential tool for domestic violence advocates involved with individual and systemic housing advocacy. The guidebook covers preferences, transfers, confidentiality, mitigating “negative” rental histories, and federal laws and regs.
    + View Summary
  • Federal Housing and Domestic Violence: Introduction To Programs, Policy, And Advocacy Opportunities | PDF PDF (26 p.) HTML HTML
    by Jill Davies and Robin Hammeal-Urban, Building Comprehensive Solutions To Domestic Violence, National Resource Center On Domestic Violence (October 1999)
    This paper identifies key policy issues and trends in housing policy. Issues are addressed through case examples and discussion questions for critical thinking. Specific advocacy interventions are reviewed. A glossary defines housing terms.
    + View Summary
  • Housing and Battered Women | PDF PDF HTML HTML
    by Amy Correia and Jen Rubin, VAWnet: The National Online Resource Center on Violence Against Women (November 2001)
    This paper offers a research on DV and homelessness and trends in federal housing policy. A model for conducting a community assessment of local housing needs includes critical thinking questions on an organization’s capacity for housing advocacy.
    + View Summary
  • Homeless Assistance Programs: A Guide To Counting Unsheltered Homeless People | PDF PDF (73 p.)
    by US Department Of Housing And Urban Development (2004)
    This guide is offered in chapters and covers the basics of counting unsheltered homeless people, counting unsheltered people in public places, counts based on use of non-shelter services and sample data collection instruments.
    + View Summary
  • Decade Of HOPE VI: Research Findings And Policy Challenges | HTML HTML (72 p.) PDF PDF (72 p.)
    by B. Katz, M. Cunningham, K. Brown, J. Gustafson, & M. A. Turner, Urban Institute (2004)
    This research and policy report offers an extensive overview of the HOPE VI program. The introduction provides historical background, evaluation challenges and suggested reforms. It includes a description of the policy debates surrounding HOPE VI.
    + View Summary

HMIS - Homeless Management Information Systems | Back to top

Homeless Management Information System (HMIS) is a computer-based data collection system that stores private information on individuals and families receiving homeless assistance services such as transitional housing, emergency shelter and food. According to HUD, an HMIS is "[A] computerized data collection application that facilitates the collection of information on homeless individuals and families using residential or other homeless assistance services and stores that data in an electronic format." 69 Fed. Reg. 45888 (Jul. 30, 2004).

VAWA 2005
  • An Update on VAWA & Confidentiality | PDF PDF (3 p.)
    by Safety Net: the National Safe & Strategic Technology Project, National Network to End Domestic Violence (January 2006)
    This document provides an analysis of HMIS-related provisions contained in VAWA 2005, signed into law on January 5, 2006. Describes how new VAWA provisions protect victim information under Section 3 and Section 605.
    + View Summary
HMIS Background
  • National HMIS Technical Assistance Initiative, US Department Of Housing And Urban Development Homeless Management Information Systems Frequently Asked Questions | Word DOC (1 p.)
    by US Department Of Housing And Urban Development (2004)
    This Q&A sheet gives HUD's response to the question: 'Will a CoC be penalized or competitively disadvantaged if they have not implemented an HMIS by October 2004, or if the implementation does not include domestic violence providers by that date?'
    + View Summary
  • An Advocacy Response to HUD's June 2005 'Domestic Violence Provider Participation in Homeless Management Information Systems (HMIS) Questions & Answers' | PDF PDF (1 p.) HTML HTML
    by National Network to End Domestic Violence (July 2005)
    This document is a helpful tool for advocates who are both new to the HMIS issue as well as those with more experience. The piece operates as both a counterpoint to HUD's June 2005 Q&A as well as a stand-alone explanation of HMIS issues.
    + View Summary
  • Demystifying HUD's HMIS Domestic Violence 'Clarification' | PDF PDF (4 p.)
    by National Network To End Domestic Violence (2004)
    This piece offers advocates basic information about HUD's 10/15/04 Clarification of the HMIS final standards. This translates the language of the 10/15/04 clarification into how it would impact survivors of domestic violence and advocacy responses.
    + View Summary
  • A Domestic Violence Advocacy Guide to the Final HMIS Standards | PDF PDF (4 p.)
    by National Network To End Domestic Violence (2004)
    This document is an excellent primer on what advocates need to know about the HMIS sponsored by HUD. The guide includes a brief history of HMIS, talking points, and critical information at a glance.
    + View Summary
  • How Tracking Systems Place Victims at Risk | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by National Network To End Domestic Violence (2004)
    This NNEDV document outlines 10 safety and privacy risks for survivors of domestic violence with respect to HMIS implementation and the initial proposed standards issued by HUD in July 2003.
    + View Summary
  • The State of the States: Responses to Victim Safety and HMIS | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by National Network To End Domestic Violence (2004)
    This short document reports on findings from NNEDV's survey of state domestic violence coalitions regarding HMIS implementation prior to the issuance of HUD's July 30, 2004 HMIS final standards.
    + View Summary

Homeownership | Back to top

  • The Crisis In America's Housing: Confronting Myths And Promoting A Balanced Housing Policy | PDF PDF (25 p.)
    by D. Hockett, P. McElwee, D. Pelletiere, D. Schwartz & M. Treskon (2005)
    This easy to read report emphasizes the need for a "balanced housing policy" that involves investing in people and property and that redefines "homeownership" to take into account the need for flexible and relevant housing options for people.
    + View Summary
  • Financial Literacy and Homeownership Education: Building Assets for Minority and Immigrant Communities | HTML HTML (6 p.)
    by D. Lawson, National Conference of State Legislatures (2003)
    This issue brief focuses on financial education as one aspect of addressing the homeownership gap between white Americans, African-Americans and Hispanic Americans.
    + View Summary

Housing Bibliographies and Resource Guides | Back to top

  • Annotated Bibliography on Homelessness and Law/Advocacy Representing the Poor and Homeless: Innovations in Advocacy | PDF PDF (15 p.)
    by J. Hooper, ABA Commission On Homelessness & Poverty (2001)
    This annotated bibliography is organized alphabetically and primarily covers law review articles on homelessness law and advocacy. It is an excellent research tool for identifying relevant articles to assist with policy analysis and legal advocacy.
    + View Summary
  • Housing Resources for Domestic Violence Survivors and Their Advocates | PDF PDF (16 p.)
    by Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence (2004)
    This is a housing pathfinder for advocates assisting DV survivors with transitional and permanent housing. National and PA stats are included as are state and national organizations are listed with contact information.
    + View Summary
  • An Internet Guide To Housing Related Information | HTML HTML (5 p.)
    by S. Strom, Poverty and Race Research Action Council (2004)
    This guide is an excellent overview of housing related information. Material is broken down by: general housing information, housing policies, housing demographics, fair housing and housing mobility and advocacy organizations working on housing issues.
    + View Summary
  • Websites Related To Homelessness And Homeless Advocacy. Representing The Poor And Homeless: Innovations In Advocacy | PDF PDF (20 p.)
    by L. Bedingfield & J. Hooper, ABA Commission On Homelessness & Poverty (2001)
    This annotated website listing is a great research tool for advocates interested in housing and homelessness issues. The list is organized categorically by topic. The listing includes a separate state listing which is helpful, though not extensive.
    + View Summary

Housing as a Human Right | Back to top

  • Fact Sheet No. 21, The Human Right to Adequate Housing | HTML HTML (31 p.)
    by Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
    This document of the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights provides a comprehensive overview of the right to housing contained and explained in international legal texts.
    + View Summary
  • The Right to Housing in International Law | PDF PDF (1 p.)
    by National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty (February 2004)
    This sheet contains language from some of the international treaties, conventions and declarations covering housing as a human right. The sheet also describes whether or not the U.S. has signed and/or ratified the relevant international document.
    + View Summary

Housing Trust Funds | Back to top

A housing trust fund is a policy initiative that addresses affordable housing needs by creating a distinct fund through dedicated public revenues. More than 300 local governments across the United States have initiated such funds. On a federal level, the Housing Trust Fund Project of the Center for Community Change is supporting a National Housing Trust Fund Campaign that would use a dedicated source of revenue to produce, rehabilitate and preserve 1.5 million homes over 10 years.

  • Background Information On Housing Trust Funds in the United States | HTML HTML (1 p.)
    by The National Housing Trust Fund Campaign
    This bulleted listing provides basic information on the breadth and success of local and state-based housing trust funds.
    + View Summary
  • Home Sweet Home: Why America Needs a Housing Trust Fund | PDF PDF (56 p.)
    by Center For Community Change (2001)
    This report covers the crisis in housing, protecting children, lessons learned from state and local trust funds, and the economic benefits of a national housing trust fund. 20 state profiles provide housing affordability-related statistics.
    + View Summary
  • Housing Trust Fund Progress Report 2007: Local Responses to America's Housing Needs | PDF PDF (66 p.)
    by Mary E. Brooks, Center For Community Change (2007)
    This report describes the more than 275 existing housing trust funds in the US. Different types of trust funds are covered. Examples show what housing trust funds have accomplished and why they are so successful.
    + View Summary
  • How Will the National Housing Trust Fund Benefit Low-Income Women and Victims Of Domestic Violence? | PDF PDF (1 p.)
    by The National Housing Trust Fund Campaign
    This one-page sheet describes the national housing trust fund proposal in a nutshell, lists endorsing domestic violence organizations and offers talking points.
    + View Summary
  • The National Housing Trust Fund Should be a National Priority | PDF PDF (1 p.)
    by The National Housing Trust Fund Campaign
    This sheet, supporting the NHTF Campaign, offers statistics and talking points on how the NHTF would stimulate the economy, address children's education and health, help those with the lowest incomes, and assist the elderly and people with disabilities.
    + View Summary
  • A Workbook For Creating A Housing Trust Fund | PDF PDF (77 p.)
    by Center For Community Change (1999)
    This workbook is a comprehensive and user-friendly resource for anyone interested in developing a local housing trust fund. The focus is primarily on the development aspects and campaign issues, but assessing need and readiness are included.
    + View Summary

Immigration & Housing | Back to top

  • Letter from the US Department of Housing And Urban Development to HUD Funds Recipients | PDF PDF (3 p.)
    by A. Cuomo (January 19, 2001)
    This letter informs HUD grant recipients operating emergency shelters and transitional housing programs that all immigrants, including undocumented immigrants, are eligible for such services. The letter references relevant laws and regulations.
    + View Summary
  • Rental Housing Programs Excerpt from the Guide to Immigrant Eligibility for Federal Programs | PDF PDF (3 p.)
    by National Immigration Law Center (4th Edition 2002, and revised October 2005)
    This excerpt provides basic information about immigrant eligibility for various federal means-tested rental housing programs: including public housing, Section 8, Section 515 rental housing, Section 514/516 farm labor housing, and LIHTC housing.
    + View Summary
  • Shelter Access For Battered Immigrant Women - Chapter 7. Somewhere To Turn: Making Domestic Violence Services Accessible To Battered Immigrant Women | PDF PDF (13 p.) HTML HTML
    by Leslye E. Orloff, and Rachel Little, AYUDA, Inc. (1999)
    This piece provides information on battered immigrant women's right to access shelter services. It also covers how shelters and other DV service providers are exempt from INS verification and reporting guidelines.
    + View Summary

One Strike | Back to top

"One-strike" refers to federal housing law and policy on eligibility for, and eviction from, federal public housing programs due to criminal convictions or activity.

  • The Impact of the Violence Against Women Act of 2005 (VAWA) on the Housing Rights and Options of Survivors of Domestic and Sexual Violence | PDF PDF (10 p.)
    by National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty (March 2006)
    This Q&A document explains the key housing provisions of VAWA2005, including housing-related grant programs, amendments to public housing and section 8 regarding eviction defense, eligibility, and portability, HMIS changes, and new planning requirements.
    + View Summary
  • HUD v. Rucker Brief Amici Curiae | PDF PDF (24 p.)
    by National Network to End Domestic Violence et al (2001)
    This document explains why one-strike, strict liability, or zero tolerance law and policy present a catch-22 for survivors of domestic violence - either risk eviction or endure violence in silence.
    + View Summary
  • Department of Housing and Urban Development v. Rucker | HTML HTML (7 p.)
    by U.S. Supreme Court (2002)
    (42 U.S.C. §1437d(l)(6) unambiguously requires lease terms that vest local PHAs with the discretion to evict tenants for the drug-related activity of household members and guests whether or not the tenant knew, or should have known, about the activity)
    + View Summary
  • No Second Chance: People with Criminal Records Denied Access to Public Housing | HTML HTML (109 p.) PDF PDF (109 p.)
    by C. Carey, Human Rights Watch (2004)
    This report assesses US public housing exclusionary policies against human rights standards. The report is helpful for its succinct coverage of the right to adequate housing, "One Strike" federal policy, local housing exclusions, and screening procedures.
    + View Summary
  • One Strike And You're Out: Implications Of A Federal Crime Control Policy For Battered Women
    by C. M. Renzetti, Violence Against Women, 7 , 685 - 698 (2001)
    This article examines the possible consequences of the One Strike policy for women from a feminist viewpoint. Research focusing on violence against women in public housing is discussed, noting that research on this topic is limited.
    + View Summary

Rural | Back to top

  • Rural Housing Challenges: Meeting The Housing Needs Of People With Disabilities In Rural Communities | PDF PDF (12 p.)
    by E. Cooper, A. O'Hara, & M. Collins-Versluys, Opening Doors, 19 (2002)
    This issue focuses on resources and advocacy strategies addressing the unique barriers faced by people with disabilities living in rural areas. Targeted rural housing programs of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) are emphasized.
    + View Summary

Section 8 - Housing Choice Vouchers | Back to top

Section 8 refers to building-based and tenant-based rental subsidy programs first created in section 8 of the Housing Act of 1937. The Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) program went into effect in October 1999 and it replaces the Section 8 certificate and voucher programs. The terms Section 8 and Housing Choice Voucher are still used interchangeably.

  • The Impact of the Violence Against Women Act of 2005 (VAWA) on the Housing Rights and Options of Survivors of Domestic and Sexual Violence | PDF PDF (10 p.)
    by National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty (March 2006)
    This Q&A document explains the key housing provisions of VAWA2005, including housing-related grant programs, amendments to public housing and section 8 regarding eviction defense, eligibility, and portability, HMIS changes, and new planning requirements.
    + View Summary
  • Housing and Battered Women: Increasing Battered Women's Access to Federal Housing Programs | PDF PDF (8 p.) HTML HTML (8 p.)
    by R. Hammeal-Urban, Building Comprehensive Solutions To Domestic Violence, National Resource Center On Domestic Violence (June 1999)
    This paper provides information on why survivors would want to get in a housing program as soon as possible and how to advocate with PHAs in annual and five-year planning processes. A sample letter to HUD explains the importance of housing.
    + View Summary
  • Housing and Battered Women: Using Housing Vouchers to Assist Battered Women Move From Welfare to Work | PDF PDF (8 p.) HTML HTML (8 p.)
    by R. Hammeal-Urban, Building Comprehensive Solutions To Domestic Violence, National Resource Center On Domestic Violence (1999)
    The paper identifies barriers faced by many survivors as they attempt to move from welfare to work and shows how the HUD welfare-to-work voucher program can help women overcome these obstacles. Advocacy strategies with PHAs are emphasized.
    + View Summary
  • Introduction to the Housing Voucher Program | HTML HTML (10 p.) PDF PDF (10 p.)
    by Center On Budget And Policy Priorities (July 2007)
    This is an excellent primer for a general audience on the Federal Housing Choice Voucher Program ("Section 8"). The paper includes a short research review outlining studies showing that vouchers are a highly effective form of assistance.
    + View Summary
  • New HUD Guidance Accommodating People with Disabilities in the Section 8 Program
    by Fred Nisen, Clearinghouse Review 323 (September-October 2005)
    This article describes some specific examples of reasonable accommodations available under the Section 8 program for people who have disabilities. The piece covers non-physical modifications.
    + View Summary
  • Section 8 Made Simple: Using The Housing Choice Voucher Program To Assist People With Disabilities | PDF PDF (98 p.)
    by A. O'Hara & E. Cooper, Technical Assistance Collaborative, Inc. (2003)
    This guidebook provides a clear and comprehensive explanation of the section 8 program and is an excellent capacity-building resource for advocates. Each chapter covers a different aspect of the program.
    + View Summary
  • Strategies To Help People With Disabilities Be Successful In The Housing Choice Voucher Program | PDF PDF (52 p.)
    by Technical Assistance Collaborative, Inc. (2002)
    This booklet includes chapters on strategies to increase utilization of HCVs, responsibilities under fair housing laws, relevant information on the Medicaid program, and implications of the US Supreme Court decision in Olmstead v. L.C.
    + View Summary

Statistics | Back to top

The materials annotated here are reports and publications that concentrate comprehensively or specifically on housing-related data. Advocates interested in this information may also want to check the Fact Sheets section herein as it contains brief 1-2 page documents that generally cite housing-related statistics.

  • 2005 Fair Housing Trends Report | PDF PDF (16 p.)
    by National Fair Housing Alliance (April 2005)
    This 2005 report specifically addresses the nature and extent of racial segregation in the U.S. and finds "a crisis of racial segregation at a time when funding for and commitment to the enforcement of fair housing laws is in a precipitous decline."
    + View Summary
  • The State Of The Nation's Housing 2008 | HTML HTML (44 p.) PDF (44 p.)
    by Joint Center For Housing Studies Of Harvard University (2008)
    This annual report is a resource for stats on U.S. housing. The 2008 report includes a four-page executive summary and then more extensive chapters on Housing Markets, Demographic Trends, Homeownership, Rental Housing, and Housing Challenges.
    + View Summary
  • US Conference of Mayors - Sodexho USA Hunger and Homelessness Survey 2007 | PDF PDF (72 p.)
    by E. T. Lowe (December 2007)
    This survey has info about demand for emergency food and shelter, the ability of agencies to meet this demand, causes of hunger and homelessness within cities, types of programs available to meet people's needs, and the availability of affordable housing.
    + View Summary
  • U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report, Intimate Partner Violence | PDF PDF (11 p.)
    by Callie Marie Rennison and Sarah Welchans, U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics (May 2000)
    This DOJ Report has data on IPV based on estimates from the NCVS. This report is often cited for the finding that intimate partner victimization rates were significantly higher for people living in rental housing vs. those living in their own homes.
    + View Summary

Transitional Housing | Back to top

  • Transitional Housing Services for Victims of Domestic Violence: A Report from the Housing Committee of the National Task Force to End Sexual and Domestic Violence | PDF PDF (33 p.)
    by Amy Correia and Anna Melbin (November 2005)
    This paper describes results of phone interviews with 12 DV transitional housing programs across the country. Key considerations for new and emerging programs are offered. Program profiles are also provided.
    + View Summary
  • Developing A Framework To Provide Transitional Housing For Survivors Of Domestic Violence: Teleconference Summary | PDF PDF (4 p.)
    by C. M. Sullivan & D. Cain, National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (December 2003)
    This summary describes MI’s efforts to develop a feminist, empowerment-based framework for providing transitional supportive housing for DV survivors. It describes who was interviewed and gives a brief summary of the results of the study.
    + View Summary
  • Housing Policy And Practices: Battered Women's And Service Providers' Perspectives | PDF PDF (26 p.)
    by C. Sullivan, A. Melbin, & D. Cain, National Resource Center On Domestic Violence (2003)
    This paper describes results from interviews with 55 women across six transitional housing supportive housing programs in a midwestern state. Women's recommendations for transitional housing are discussed.
    + View Summary
  • The Impact of the Violence Against Women Act of 2005 (VAWA) on the Housing Rights and Options of Survivors of Domestic and Sexual Violence | PDF PDF (10 p.)
    by National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty (March 2006)
    This Q&A document explains the key housing provisions of VAWA2005, including housing-related grant programs, amendments to public housing and section 8 regarding eviction defense, eligibility, and portability, HMIS changes, and new planning requirements.
    + View Summary

Acronym & Abbreviation Key | Back to top

This is a list of organizational, legislative, and trade-related acronyms, abbreviations, and terms contained in the annotated entries of this special housing collection.

  • BCSDV – Building Comprehensive Solutions to Domestic Violence
  • CDBG – Community Development Block Grant
  • CFR – Code of Federal Regulations
  • CoC – Continuum of Care DOJ – U.S. Department of Justice
  • EITC – Earned Income Tax Credit
  • FHIP – Fair Housing Initiatives Program
  • HCV – Housing Choice Voucher
  • HMIS – Homeless Management Information System
  • HOPE VI – Housing Opportunities for People
  • HUD – U.S. Department of Housing & Urban Development
  • IDA – Individual Development Accounts
  • INS – Immigration & Naturalization Service
  • IPV - Intimate Partner Violence
  • LIHTC – Low Income Housing Tax Credit
  • NCVS – National Crime Victimization Survey
  • NFHA – National Fair Housing Alliance
  • NLIHC – National Low Income Housing Coalition
  • NRCDV – National Resource Center on Domestic Violence
  • PHA – Public Housing Authority
  • SSI – Supplemental Security Income
  • U.S.C. – United States Code
  • USDA – US Department of Agriculture