Home / Special Collections / Preventing and Responding to Domestic Violence in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, or Queer (LGBTQ) Communities

Special Collection: Preventing and Responding to Domestic Violence in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, or Queer (LGBTQ) Communities

Table of Contents:


Introduction | Back to top

Individuals who identify as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, or Queer* (LGBTQ) often experience discrimination based on their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. Institutions and establishments in mainstream U.S. society have discriminated against, ignored the experiences and needs, and even erased the histories of those who do not identify as heterosexual or with the gender assigned to them at birth. This rigid perspective on sexuality and gender has limited the reach of research, resources, and services available to the LGBTQ communities in general and also in relation to experiences of domestic violence.

The limited research available on domestic violence in the LGBTQ communities finds that LGBTQ identified individuals experience domestic and sexual violence at the same or elevated rates to non-LGBTQ people. However, LGBTQ individuals often face additional challenges and barriers in reporting domestic violence and seeking intervention services. Among these barriers are unintended outing, discrimination by reporting agencies, additional harassment, and a lack of culturally responsive services that may revictimize those who identify as LGBTQ by creating a hostile environment. Additionally, the scarcity of violence prevention efforts that target or account for the experiences of LGBTQ communities results in low levels of awareness of the prevalence and impact of domestic and sexual violence, inadequate screening and assessment, and unresponsive intervention and prevention programming in many communities. This can be further compounded by added layers of oppression commonly experienced by LGBTQ identified individuals due to other marginalized identities. Everyone who experiences domestic violence deserves a safe space for reporting and receiving needed services and prevention efforts must be inclusive of everyone. This collection provides resources to aid in creating that safer space for all LGBTQ individuals.

The information provided in this special collection offers an overview of research and resources that are currently available on preventing and responding to domestic violence within the LGBTQ communities. Resources provided in this special collection are especially relevant to organizations and individuals who want to increase their capacity to provide culturally responsive intervention services to the LGBTQ-identified individuals who have experienced domestic violence and to those who want to work with LGBTQ communities on prevention strategies.

This special collection draws from the work of many leaders around the United States who focus specifically on the issue of domestic violence against LGBTQ communities. We want to specifically highlight the work on a national level that the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (NCAVP), The Northwest Network, The Network/La Red, and FORGE have done on behalf of these communities. Additionally, a list of organizations who also work on behalf of preventing and/or intervening in domestic violence in the LGBTQ communities is provided at the end of this special collection.

This collection was developed by staff of the Minnesota Center Against Violence and Abuse in consultation with the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence, and complements the parallel collection, Sexual Violence in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex, or Queer (LGBTIQ) Communities. We intend to update this special collection regularly and add new resources as they become available. We welcome your comments, suggestions, and information about resources for this special collection via our online contact form.

PLEASE NOTE: With any personal identity the language chosen by the individual to describe their identity is of the utmost importance. Language that one individual uses to describe their sexual or gender identity can be considered offensive to the next. Definitions for these identities are not fixed and are always changing in meaning, both in society and by individuals.

Who are the LGBTQ Communities?: Defining Terms of the LGBTQ Communities | Back to top

LGBTQ individuals use a variety of terms to identify themselves and their communities. Individual and societal understanding of sexuality and gender identity are constantly changing. Resources in this section provide definitions for some of the more commonly used terms, as well as some basic information on history, language, myths and facts, and answers to frequently asked questions relating to LGBTQ communities.

  • An Ally’s Guide to Terminology: Talking About LGBT People & Equality | PDF PDF (8 p.)
    by the Movement Advancement Project (2011)
    An overview of essential vocabulary for allies wishing to talk about LGBT people and equality, providing explanations about certain terms that have historically been used against gay and transgender people and showing how allies can use respectful language in different contexts.
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  • Finding A Common Language: A Quiz of Essential Vocabulary for Working with the LGBT Community | PDF PDF (4 p.)
    by the Kansas City Anti-Violence Project
    This quiz includes definitions to match to sexual orientation and gender identity terms. Answer key included.
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  • Gender Neutral Pronouns Chart | PDF PDF (1 p.)
    by FORGE (2010)
    This chart outlines eight traditional and gender neutral pronouns and provides conjugation and pronunciation information.
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  • GenEq: Queer | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by the Gender Equity Resource Center at UC-Berkeley
    This fact sheet provides information on the meaning of the term "queer," as well as links to programs, websites and books for more information.
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  • GenEq: Bisexuality | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by the Gender Equity Resource Center at UC-Berkeley
    This fact sheet provides information on bisexuality as well as links to websites and books for more information.
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  • LGBTQIA Terminology | PDF PDF (11 p.)
    by Elizabeth R. Green and Eric N. Peterson at the LGBT Resource Center at US San Francisco (2003-04)
    This page provides a working list of terminology used to define or describe LGBTQIA individuals, and communities. It also provides a guide to gender neutral language and pronouns.
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  • Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Terms and Definitions | PDF PDF (3 p.)
    by the New York City Anti-Violence Project (2007)
    This glossary contains definitions for sexual orientation and gender identity terms.
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  • Terms Paradox Factsheet | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by FORGE (June 2012)
    This factsheet discusses the terms paradox. Asking what terms a person uses and using those terms to refer to them conveys respect and openness, however terms provide very little information relevant to providing appropriate services.
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  • Transgender Basics | HTML HTML [19:28]
    by Rosa Juel Nordentoft for The Gender Identity Project and Center Media
    This short film provides interviews with individuals self-identified as Transgender or Genderqueer. It also presents an overview of the spectrum of gender identity and sexual orientation.
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  • Transgender Visibility: A Guide to Being You | PDF PDF (32 p.)
    by the Human Rights Campaign Foundation (2009)
    This guide individuals who identify as Transgender discusses coming out, self identity process, and myths and facts about being a trans woman or trans man.
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  • Understanding Transgender: Frequently Asked Questions about Transgender People | PDF PDF (8 p.)
    by the National Center for Transgender Equality (2009)
    Answers to frequently asked questions about transgender people, including information on the transitioning process and costs, cross dressing, the difference between gender identity and sexual orientation, and discrimination faced by people who are transgender.
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  • Who are Transgender People? Transgender Basics for Victim Service Providers | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by FORGE (May 2012)
    This factsheet provides a brief overview of basic information about transgender identities, including terms and definitions, for victim service providers.
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Rates and Prevalence of DV in LGBTQ Communities | Back to top

Although the research community has historically overlooked the ways in which the LGBTQ communities experience domestic and sexual violence, recent literature is increasingly more inclusive and complete. The most recent National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Study (NISVS), 2010 Findings on Victimization by Sexual Orientation, found that study participants who identified as either lesbian or gay reported domestic violence and sexual violence rates which were equal to or higher than study participants who identified as heterosexual. Additionally, the survey also found that bisexual women report a higher prevalence of rape, physical violence, and/or stalking by an intimate partner compared to both lesbian and heterosexual women and bisexual men report a higher prevalence of rape physical violence, and or stalking than gay or heterosexual men. Authors of this supplemental NISVS report conclude that domestic and sexual violence is experienced in all communities, and is, in fact, experienced at higher rates for some.

The documents included in this section highlight the rates and prevalence of domestic violence in LGBTQ communities and also include information on dynamics of domestic violence in LGBTQ communities.

  • Fact Sheet: Domestic Violence and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Relationships | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence
    A fact sheet about domestic violence among the LGBT population that includes information on the power and control wheel for lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans relationships, information on survivors, types of abuse, transgender abuse, HIV/AIDS related abuse and barriers to seeking services.
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  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans (LGBT) Communities and Domestic Violence: Information and Resources - Dynamics of Domestic Violence | PDF PDF (7 p.)
    by Mary Allen for the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV) (2007)
    LGBT people’s relationships often exist in an atmosphere of secrecy and isolation. This packet explores definitions and experiences of ‘relationship’ and ‘domestic violence’ that are profoundly influenced by heterosexism and homophobia.
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  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Intimate Partner Violence: The California Report | PDF PDF (42 p.)
    by L.A. Gay & Lesbian Center STOP Partner Abuse / Domestic Violence Program (funded by DOJ) (2011)
    This DOJ funded report provides an overview of LGBT intimate partner violence/domestic violence, data, and recommendations for policy in the State of California.
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  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and HIV-Affected Intimate Partner Violence, 2011 | PDF PDF (110 p.)
    by the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (October 2012)
    Despite reflecting a 22.2% drop in reports of LGBTQH intimate partner violence, NCAVP’s 2011 report documents nineteen homicides--the highest number of LGBTQH IPV homicides ever recorded.
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  • The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey: 2010 Findings on Victimization by Sexual Orientation | PDF PDF (48 p.)
    by Mikel L. Walters, Jieru Chen, and Matthew J. Breiding for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (January 2013)
    This special report examines lifetime victimization of sexual violence, stalking and intimate partner violence by respondents’ self-reported sexual orientation.
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  • The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, 2010 Findings on Victimization by Sexual Orientation Factsheet | PDF PDF (4 p.)
    by the National Center for Injury Control and Prevention, Division of Violence Prevention (January 2013)
    This fact sheet summarizes 2010 NISVS findings by sexual orientation on intimate partner violence, sexual violence and stalking. It also includes information on opportunities for prevention and action as well as additional resources.
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  • Relationship Violence in Lesbian/Gay/Bisexual/Transgender/Queer [LGBTQ] Communities: Moving Beyond a Gender-Based Framework | PDF PDF (19 p.)
    by Janice Ristock in consultation with Norma Timbang for Violence Against Women Online Resources (July 2005)
    Provides a critical overview of current research conducted to better understand the contexts, dynamics and impact of intimate partner violence within LGBTQ communities and identifies several barriers that still exist within support services.
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  • Taking it on the Chin: New Fast Facts about Violence Against Transgender People | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by FORGE (2011)
    This fact sheet highlights research from the National Transgender Discrimination Survey on violence faced by transgender and gender non-conforming people.
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  • Voices of Victims and Survivors from the 2010 Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and HIV-Affected Intimate Partner Violence Narratives | PDF PDF (15 p.)
    by Jessie Dessus, Alison Fishera, and Justin Rosado for the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (2011)
    This collection of narratives about LGBTQH victims and survivors of intimate partner violence brings to light the severity of IPV within these communities.
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  • Violence and Sexual Assault in Lesbian Relationships | PDF PDF (12 p.)
    by Sexual Assault Survivors’ Centre (2006)
    This resource developed specifically for lesbians who experienced intimate partner violence addresses common challenges and barriers, issues unique to same-gender violence, safety planning resources, and definitions of abuse.
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Improving Services for LGBTQ Individuals | Back to top

This section contains information on improving services for LGBTQ individuals. Resources in this section provide information on what domestic violence looks like in LGBTQ communities as well as outline some common barriers LGBTQ individuals who have experienced domestic violence face when seeking services. Information on how to provide culturally relevant services to the LGBTQ communities is included and is essential to address the service barriers currently faced by members of LGBTQ communities.

The 2013 reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) included language to enhance services available to LGBT survivors of intimate partner violence, sexual assault, and stalking. This message from the Executive Director of the New York City Anti-Violence project describes the significance of this federal law as it impacts LGBT survivors. Also relevant to understanding the rights of people married to same-sex partners is the fact sheet series, After DOMA: What It Means for You.
Dynamics of Domestic Violence in LGBTQ Communities
  • Does Your Partner Blame it on Your Bisexuality? It Could be Partner Abuse | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by The Network/La Red
    This brochure contains information on the dynamics and warning signs of bisexual intimate partner abuse.
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  • Contextualizing Domestic Violence from a LGBTQ Perspective | PDF PDF (3 p.)
    by Mika Albright, and DeAnn Alcantra-Thompson for The Northwest Network
    This article provides information about domestic violence in LGBTQ communities as well as information on available research and resources.
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  • Dating Violence and HIV/AIDS Among LGBTQ Youth | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by Break the Cycle (2008)
    This handout contains information on LGBTQ youth and intimate partner abuse as it relates to risk for contracting HIV.
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  • Domestic Violence and LGBTQ Youth | PDF PDF (1 p.)
    by Break the Cycle (Updated July 2008)
    This fact sheet presents information about dating and domestic violence among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, and queer (LGBTQ) young people and the obstacles faced by LGBTQ youth in seeking help.
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  • Findings on Victimization by Sexual Orientation: Implications for Preventing Sexual Violence and IPV in LBGT Communities | HTML HTML
    by PreventConnect (2013)
    This webinar describes the findings of the NISVS study and discusses implications for developing, implementing and evaluating sexual violence and intimate partner violence prevention efforts in LGBT communities.
    + View Summary
  • Information for Domestic Violence Providers about LGBTQ Partner Abuse | PDF PDF (6 p.)
    by The Network/La Red
    This guide includes examples of abuse relevant to LGBTQ communities, information on screening for survivors and abusers, differences from straight domestic violence, and barriers to services for LGBTQ people.
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  • Injustice at Every Turn | PDF PDF (228 p.)
    by Jaime M. Grant, Lisa A. Mottet, and Justin Tanis for the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force and the National Center for Transgender Equality (2011)
    This report provides a summary of the National Transgender Discrimination Survey, including the prevalence and experience of sexual violence, in addition to many other forms of discrimination and hate crime by transgender individuals.
    + View Summary
  • LGBT DV Beyond the Wheel: Tactics of Abuse | PDF PDF (1 p.)
    by Connie Burk for The NW Network of Bisexual, Trans, Lesbian, and Gay Survivors of Abuse (Updated 2009)
    This handout outlines tactics of domestic violence in LGBT relationships.
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  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans (LGBT) Communities and Domestic Violence: Information and Resources | PDF PDF (83 p.)
    by Mary Allen for the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV) (2007)
    Domestic violence in LGBT communities is about abuse of power, manipulation, exploitation, oppression and barriers to service. This collection is designed for dv program advocates, activists working in LGBT communities and those wishing to become allies.
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  • LGBT Intimate Partner Violence 101 | PPT (34 p.)
    by The Pride Center
    This PowerPoint presentation discusses basic information on intimate partner violence in LGBT relationships. It defines common terms and phrases, provides information on both domestic and sexual violence in LGBT relationships and communities, and breaks down similarities and differences between LGBT and straight individuals who experience IPV.
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  • Power and Control Wheel for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans Relationships | PDF PDF (1 p.)
    by Roe and Jagodinsky
    This lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans relationship power and control wheel is adapted from the Power and Control and Equity Wheels developed by the Domestic Abuse Intervention Project.
    + View Summary
  • Raising Our Voices: Queer Asian Women's Response to Relationship Violence | PDF PDF (46 p.)
    by Cristy Chung and Summer Lee, edited by Leni Marin for Futures Without Violence
    Shares results of a focus group with Asian immigrant and Asian American women. Provides an analysis of information gathered from survivors, social workers, and community members who shared their experiences, expertise and hopes for improved services.
    + View Summary
  • Think, Rethink: Woman-to-Woman Domestic Violence | PDF PDF (6 p.)
    by Connie Burk of The Northwest Network for the Wisconsin Coalition Against Domestic Violence (1999)
    This article provides basic information on domestic violence in same-sex relationships and outlines some of the differences between lesbian, trans, and bisexual survivors and the experiences of other survivors.
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  • Trans-Specific Power and Control Tactics | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by FORGE (2013)
    This handout provides information on trans-specific power and control tactics used against and by trans partners. Topic areas include safety, outing, disclosure, community attitudes, gender stereotypes and transphobia, using or undermining identity, violating boundaries, and restricting access.
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  • Transgender Youth and Dating Violence | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by Break the Cycle (2008)
    This fact sheet explains what being transgender means, how transgender youth may experience TDV differently. The factsheet also discusses barriers transgender youth face in seeking help.
    + View Summary
  • Same-Sex Intimate Partner Violence Training | HTML HTML [7:47]
    by the Los Angeles Gay and Lesbian Center
    Participants in this video discuss what they learned in a training on same-sex domestic violence and offer advice to other social workers.
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  • What You Should Know About Violence and Harassment Against LGBT Individuals | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by FORGE (2010)
    This factsheet contains information on violence and harassment against LGBT individuals. Topics covered include LGBT youth violence and harassment, likelihood of experiencing violence and harassment for transgender people, LGBT couples and intimate partner violence, health impacts, and intersectionality of race and LGBT identity.
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Barriers to Serving LGBTQ Communities
  • Master Status Factsheet | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by FORGE (2012)
    This factsheet provides information on the "Master Status" concept and gives information on how assumptions providers make about transgender people can be a barrier to transgender people accessing or receiving services.
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  • Same-Sex Intimate Partner Violence: Current Barriers to Service & Future Goals for Community Agencies | HTML HTML
    by Ashley Taranto for the Council on Crime and Justice
    This document outlines the similarities and differences between intimate partner violence in LGBT relationships versus heterosexual relationships, and discusses barriers to service that are specific to LGBT survivors.
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  • Transgender, Disability & Trauma: Empowering providers who work with multiply-marginalized populations | HTML HTML [1:28:28]
    by Loree Cook-Daniels & michael munson for FORGE (May 23, 2013)
    This webinar convers information on who transgender people are and the types of violence they experience as well as examining the intersections between disability and traumatic experience.
    + View Summary
  • Why It Matters: Rethinking Victim Assistance for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Victims of Hate Violence and Intimate Partner Violence | PDF PDF (15 p.)
    by The National Center for Victims of Crime and the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (March 2010)
    This report describes widespread gaps in victim services for LGBTQ victims of crime and recommends steps to improve both the services and their accessibility.
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Relevant Service Delivery to LGBTQ Communities
  • Creating a Trans Welcoming Environment: A tips sheet for sexual assault service providers | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by FORGE
    This tip sheet contains information for service providers on creating a trans welcoming environment.
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  • Connections - Setting the Stage: Strategies for Supporting LGBTIQ Survivors | PDF PDF (28 p.)
    by Trisha Smith, editor for Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs (Winter 2010)
    This newsletter focuses exclusively on issues related to violence in LGBTIQ communities. Articles include information on interrupting problematic language, addressing the needs of trans survivors, and SANE protocol.
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  • Culturally Competent Service Provision to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Survivors of Sexual Violence | PDF PDF (19 p.)
    by Sabrina Gentlewarrior with contributions from Kim Fountain (September 2009)
    This Applied Research paper provides a review of the research focusing on LGBT survivors of sexual trauma and offers recommendations for culturally competent service provision to LGBT clients.
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  • Findings on Victimization by Sexual Orientation: Implications for Preventing Sexual Violence and IPV in LBGT Communities | HTML HTML
    by PreventConnect (2013)
    This webinar describes the findings of the NISVS study and discusses implications for developing, implementing and evaluating sexual violence and intimate partner violence prevention efforts in LGBT communities.
    + View Summary
  • Gender Neutral Body Map | PDF PDF (1 p.)
    by FORGE (2010)
    A gender neutral anatomical diagram for skin surface assessment.
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  • Is Your Agency Ready to Serve Transgender Survivors? | PDF PDF (5 p.)
    by FORGE
    This checklist provides agencies with a list of areas to assess their readiness to serve transgender survivors, including tangible and intangible considerations.
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  • Is Your "T" Written in Disappearing Ink? A Checklist for Transgender Inclusion | PDF PDF (6 p.)
    by Loree Cook-Daniels for FORGE (2001)
    This checklist is a first step for agencies to use while evaluating whether their polices and practices are inclusive to transgender people.
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  • Know and Tell Why Factsheet | PDF PDF (3 p.)
    by FORGE (2012)
    This fact sheet explains the importance of service providers knowing why their agency asks specific questions and understanding what information they actually want to find out.
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  • Identifying and Assisting LGBT Elder Abuse Clients: A Guide for Abuse Professionals | PDF PDF (7 p.)
    by The National Resource Center on LGBT Aging and FORGE
    This guide contains information for advocates on identifying and working with LGBT specific elder abuse. The guide covers terms, historical factors related to LGBT elders, new rights and protections for LGBT elders and suggested practices in working with LGBT older adults.
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  • A Self-Help Guide for LGBT Older Adults and Their Caregivers and Loved Ones: Preventing, Recognizing, and Addressing Elder Abuse | PDF PDF (10 p.)
    by The National Resource Center on LGBT Aging and FORGE
    This self-help guide for LGBT older adults, their caregivers, and their loved ones provides information on preventing, recognizing, and addressing elder abuse. The guide covers topics including types of elder abuse, LGBT specific tactics, ways to protect yourself from elder abuse, information on protecting friends from elder abuse, and getting help when you suspect abuse.
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  • National Recommended Best Practices for Serving LGBT Homeless Youthe | PDF PDF (20 p.)
    by the National Alliance to End Homelessness, the National Network for Youth, Lambda Legal, and the National Center for Lesbian Rights (2009)
    These recommendations are informed by the experiences of LGBT youth in 13 listening forums conducted nationwide. Youth spoke on their experiences in out-of-home care and offered suggestions for reform of practice and policy.
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  • Practical Tips for Working with Transgender Survivors of Sexual Violence | PDF PDF (9 p.)
    by michael munson for FORGE (For Ourselves: Reworking Gender Expression) (Updated 2008)
    This document provides information and key concepts related to the trans community, discusses the experiences of trans survivors, and offers ten concrete tips for working with trans victims of sexual assault. Includes a list of common identity labels.
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  • Quick Tips: Trans Inclusion, A Guide for Service Providers | PDF PDF (1 p.)
    by FORGE (2010)
    This guide contains ten quick tips for service providers working for trans inclusion.
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  • Quick Organizational Audit: LGBT Visibility and Inclusion | DOC (2 p.)
    by the Northwest Network of Bisexual, Trans, Lesbian and Gay Survivors of Abuse (2001)
    This checklist can be used to conduct a quick organizational audit of LGBT visibility and inclusion in agency physical space, policies and outreach materials.
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  • Raising Our Voices: Queer Asian Women's Response to Relationship Violence | PDF PDF (46 p.)
    by Cristy Chung and Summer Lee, edited by Leni Marin for Futures Without Violence
    Shares results of a focus group with Asian immigrant and Asian American women. Provides an analysis of information gathered from survivors, social workers, and community members who shared their experiences, expertise and hopes for improved services.
    + View Summary
  • A Service Provider’s Guide for Working with GBT Victims and Survivors of Domestic Abuse | PDF PDF (6 p.)
    by the Gay Men’s Domestic Violence Project (January 2001)
    This guide offers tips for service providers in addressing one of the most serious health issues for gay, bisexual, and transgender (GBT) men. Includes guidelines for education, workplace environment, assessment, response, and safety planning.
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  • Transgender 101: Serving Gender Variant Crime Victims | HTML HTML
    by FORGE (2013)
    This webinar is designed to assist victim service providers in better serving transgender survivors of sexual assault and other forms of violence. Topics covered in the webinar include a discussion of the diversity under the transgender "umbrella," social, medical, legal and other options for transgender people, conversation about components of a transgender person’s life.
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  • Transgender/SOFFA: Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Resource Sheet | PDF PDF (4 p.)
    by FORGE (Updated February 2011)
    This resource sheet includes information on transgender-specific resources, service impacts on trans/SOFFA clients, trans/SOFFA specific power and control tactics, and a list of specific articles available on the web.
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  • Transitioning Our Shelters: A Guide to Making Homeless Shelters Safe for Transgender People | PDF PDF (54 p.)
    by Lisa Mottet and John M. Ohle for The National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute (2003)
    This guide is specifically directed towards homeless shelters, but it has important information and suggestions that can be used by DV shelters serving transgender individuals.
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  • Universal Design Factsheet | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by FORGE (September 2012)
    This factsheet provides information on the importance of universal design, or designing for the largest audience possible.
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  • What Does My Agency Need to Know? | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by FORGE (2008)
    This checklist is designed to help agencies evaluate what information is relevant when a transgender/SOFFA client seeks services from their agency.
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  • Why It Matters: Rethinking Victim Assistance for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Victims of Hate Violence and Intimate Partner Violence | PDF PDF (15 p.)
    by The National Center for Victims of Crime and the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (March 2010)
    This report describes widespread gaps in victim services for LGBTQ victims of crime and recommends steps to improve both the services and their accessibility.
    + View Summary

Prevention and Intervention of DV within LGBTQ Communities | Back to top

This section includes information and tools for preventing and intervening in domestic violence within LGBTQ communities. It also contains information on prevention and responses in schools as well as tribal equity policy initiatives.

The 2013 FORGE PrideFest booth theme was “Do your hugs come with strings attached?” This phrase is part of a multi-faceted campaign to promote healthy relationships. The phrase can hold many different meanings, allowing every individual to creatively interpreting it in ways that are meaningful and true for them.
Prevention and Intervention Tools
  • Guide for Transformative Prevention Programming: Sexual Violence and Individuals who Identify as LGBTQ | PDF PDF (23 p.)
    by the National Sexual Violence Resource Center and the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape (2012)
    This guide provides an overview of issues and as well as information on engaging in sexual violence work with individuals who identify as LGBTQ. The guide contains information and promising practices around prevention efforts that address the needs of LGBTQ communities.
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  • Safety Planning: A Guide for Transgender and Gender Non-Conforming Individuals who are Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence | PDF PDF (16 p.)
    by FORGE (2013)
    This guide provides an overview of intimate partner violence and safety planning for transgender and gender non-conforming individuals, including step-by-step information on laying the groundwork, staying safe at home, packing an emergency bag, financial planning, safe havens, staying safe in a new home, job and public safety, orders of protection, protecting children and pets, and emotional support.
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  • Safety Planning With Transgender Clients FAQ Fact Sheet | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by FORGE (January 2013)
    This fact sheet provides information related to safety planning with transgender and gender non-conforming individuals who are experiencing intimate partner violence. The fact sheet includes components of safety planning as well as information on ways safety planning with transgender and gender non-conforming individuals differ from safety planning with non-transgender clients.
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  • Safety Planning With Transgender Clients | HTML HTML
    by FORGE (January 2013)
    This webinar reviews core components of intimate partner violence and safety planning; provides information on transgender-specific abuse tactics and planning strategies; offers many transgender-specific examples and potential solutions; and provides a tool for working with clients who seek to reduce harm or leave an abusive relationship.
    + View Summary
  • What You Can Do About Violence and Harassment Against LGBT Individuals | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by FORGE (2010)
    This fact sheet contains information for youth and adults about ways to get involved, show support and learn more about violence and harassment against LGBT individuals.
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  • Toward Healthy and Whole: Rethinking Gender and Transformation for Bois of Color | PDF PDF (12 p.)
    by The Brown Boi Project
    This document describes the Brown Boi Project approach to gender transformation. Gender transformative learning builds an environment where mental health resources are de-stigmatized, new models for masculinity emerge, and boys of color are able to develop an empowering sense of self.
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Policy Initiatives for Prevention and Response
  • Model School and District Policies and Procedures | HTML HTML
    by Safe Schools Coalition (Updated Regularly)
    This website contains model school and district policies and procedures that address bullying, harassment, gender identity and participation in interscholastic activities, and gender-based discrimination. The site also contains information on state laws on harassment and bullying prevention and student safety and violence prevention in California, Oregon and Washington.
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  • Tribal Equity Toolkit: Tribal Resolutions and Codes to Support Two Spirit & LGBT Justice in Indian Country | PDF PDF (121 p.)
    by a collaboration of the Native American Program of Legal Aid Services of Oregon, the Indigenous Ways of Knowing Program at Lewis & Clark College, Basic Rights Oregon and the Western States Center
    This toolkit contains resources to support tribal equity of two spirit and LGBT people. Topics covered include marriage, domestic partnerships and civil unions, children, employment, housing, education, health and end of life care, and hate and bias related crimes.
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Training Manuals and Assessment | Back to top

This section contains manuals and assessment tools for shelters and domestic violence service providers to use to assess their services and to be able to better respond to members of LGBTQ communities who have experienced domestic violence.

  • Domestic Violence in Lesbian, Gay, Transgender, and Bisexual Communities: Trainers Manual | PDF PDF (101 p.)
    developed by the New York State Office for the Prevention of Domestic Violence for the New York State Department of Health AIDS Institute, HIV Education and Training Programs (Updated June 2010)
    The purpose of the training curriculum is to give health and human service providers the knowledge and skills necessary to sensitively and effectively respond to LGTB victims of domestic violence.
    + View Summary
  • Open Minds Open Doors: Transforming Domestic Violence Programs to Include LGBTQ Survivors | PDF PDF (134 p.)
    by Mary-Elizabeth Quinn for The Network/La Red (2010)
    This guide outline the process that The Network/La Red suggests for making domestic violence programs more LGBTQ-inclusive. Each of the chapters focuses on one aspect of that process in detail, offering ideas for implementation.
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  • Runaway and Homeless Youth and Relationship Violence Toolkit | HTML HTML
    a collaborative project of the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence and the Family Violence Prevention and Services Program of HHS (February 2010)
    This toolkit was developed by and for advocates in the runaway and homeless youth and dv/sa fields to help programs create partnerships, meaningful services, and effective intervention and prevention strategies for working with youth at risk.
    + View Summary
  • Tribal Equity Toolkit: Tribal Resolutions and Codes to Support Two Spirit & LGBT Justice in Indian Country | PDF PDF (121 p.)
    by a collaboration of the Native American Program of Legal Aid Services of Oregon, the Indigenous Ways of Knowing Program at Lewis & Clark College, Basic Rights Oregon and the Western States Center
    This toolkit contains resources to support tribal equity of two spirit and LGBT people. Topics covered include marriage, domestic partnerships and civil unions, children, employment, housing, education, health and end of life care, and hate and bias related crimes.
    + View Summary

Organizations Focused on DV in the LGBTQ Communities | Back to top

This section includes links to organizations working around the issue of domestic violence in LGBTQ communities.

AARDVARC: An Abuse, Rape, and Domestic Violence Aid and Resource Collection
AARDVARC is "a non-profit organization dedicated to combating family and relationship violence, sexual violence and child abuse."

The Anti-Violence Project (AVP)
AVP provides free and confidential assistance to thousands of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and HIV-affected (LGBTQH) people each year from all five boroughs of New York City through direct client services and community organizing and public advocacy.

CenterLink: The Community of LGBT Centers
CenterLink exists to support the development of strong, sustainable LGBT community centers and to build a unified center movement.

Community United Against Violence (CUAV)
"Founded in 1979, Community United Against Violence (CUAV) works to build the power of LGBTQQ communities to transform violence and oppression. We support the healing and leadership of those impacted by abuse and mobilize our broader communities to replace cycles of trauma with cycles of safety and liberation. As part of the larger social justice movement, CUAV works to create truly safe communities where everyone can thrive."

FORGE
"FORGE is a national transgender and SOFFA (Significant Others, Family, Friends and Allies) organization that focuses on issues related to aging and violence."

Gay Men's Domestic Violence Project
"The Gay Men’s Domestic Violence Project is a grassroots, non-profit organization founded by a gay male survivor of domestic violence and developed through the strength, contributions and participation of the community." Its mission is "to assist and support victims and survivors of domestic violence, focusing on the GLBTQ community, to bring about responsive public policy, and to increase access to culturally competent services."

Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender (GLBT) National Hotline
Dedicated to meeting the needs of the GLBT community, and those questioning their sexual orientation or identity. Offers peer counseling on a variety of issues, including domestic violence within the GLBT community. 1-888-THE-GLNH

GLSEN: Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network
"GLSN is the leading national education organization focused on ensuring safe schools for all students. Established in 1990, GLSEN envisions a world in which every child learns to respect and accept all people, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity/expression. GLSEN seeks to develop school climates where difference is valued for the positive contribution it makes to creating a more vibrant and diverse community."

Hear My Voice
Hear My Voice is the first national campaign specifically designed for LGBTQ youth, powered by Break the Cycle and sponsored by the DOJ's Office of Victims of Crime.

Human Rights Campaign
"The Human Rights Campaign is America's largest civil rights organization working to achieve lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) equality. By inspiring and engaging all Americans, HRC strives to end discrimination against LGBT citizens and realize a nation that achieves fundamental fairness and equality for all."

International Gay & Lesbian Human Rights Commission
"The International Gay & Lesbian Human Rights Commission is a leading international organization dedicated to human rights advocacy on behalf of people who experience discrimination or abuse on the basis of their actual or perceived sexual orientation, gender identity or expression."

LAMBDA
"LAMBDA is a non-profit, gay / lesbian / bisexual / transgender agency dedicated to reducing homophobia, inequality, hate crimes, and discrimination by encouraging self-acceptance, cooperation, and non-violence."

GLBT National Help Center
The GLBT National Help Center provides "free and confidential telephone and internet peer-counseling, information and local resources for gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and questioning callers throughout the United States."

The National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (NCAVP)
The NCAVP "addresses the pervasive problem of violence committed against and within the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) and HIV-affected communities." They offer a list of local anti-violence programs across the United States.

National Leather Association International Domestic Violence Project (NLA-I DVP)
"The vision of the NLA-I Domestic Violence Project is to provide services, information and referrals to victims of domestic violence throughout the BDSM community and other non-mainstream groups such as fetish, kink, etc. Our goal is to become a key resource for those persons requiring professional referrals or domestic violence information applicable to their geographical area."

The National Resource Center on LGBT Aging
The National Resource Center on LGBT Aging is the first resource center aimed at improving the quality of services and supports offered to LGBT older adults. It provides training, technical assistance and educational resources to aging providers, LGBT organizations and LGBT older adults.

The Network/La Red
The Network/La Red is a survivor-led, social justice organization that works to end partner abuse in lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, BDSM, polyamorous, and queer communities. Rooted in anti-oppression principles, our work aims to create a world where all people are free from oppression. We strengthen our communities through organizing, education, and the provision of support services.

The Northwest Network of Bi, Trans, Lesbian and Gay Survivors of Abuse
The Northwest Network of Bi, Trans, Lesbian and Gay Survivors of Abuse works across the spectrum of prevention to promote loving, equitable relationships and end violence and abuse LGBT communities. Comprehensive direct advocacy support for individuals and families, community engagement and education, training and technical assistance for providers, work to foster networks and coalitions, and promotion of organizational, policy and systems change. Founded by and for LGBT survivors, the NW Network is deeply committed to fostering self-determination and safety for all survivors of abuse.

Parents, Families, and Friends of Lesbians and Gays (PFLAG)
"PFLAG is a national support, education and advocacy organization for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people, their families, friends and allies. With 200,000 members and supporters, and local affiliates in more than 500 communities across the U.S. and abroad, PFLAG is the largest grassroots-based family organization of its kind."

Show Me Love! DC
The Show Me Love! campaign raises awareness about healthy relationships and provides resources for LGBTQ survivors of intimate partner violence.

Survivor Project"Survivor Project is a non-profit organization dedicated to addressing the needs of intersex and trans survivors of domestic and sexual violence through caring action, education and expanding access to resources and to opportunities for action. Since 1997, we have provided presentations, workshops, consultation, materials, information and referrals to many anti-violence organizations and universities across the country, as well as gathered information about issues faced by intersex and trans survivors of domestic and sexual violence."

Trans Youth Family Allies
"TYFA empowers children and families by partnering with educators, service providers and communities, to develop supportive environments in which gender may be expressed and respected. We envision a society free of suicide and violence in which ALL children are respected and celebrated."

Transgender Law Center
"At the Transgender Law Center, we work with community members and allies to make California a state in which we can all fully and freely express our gender identities. On our site, you'll find one of the nation's most comprehensive collections of resources on transgender law, and information about our innovative projects. Contact us if you're in California and have questions about our work, your rights, or the best way to create a non-discriminatory education, health care, employment, or business environment."

WomensLaw
A project of NNEDV, WomensLaw provides legal information and support to victims of domestic violence and sexual assault. Their website provides information on domestic violence among same-sex partners in the LGBTQ community.