Home / Special Collections / Sexual Violence in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex, or Queer (LGBTIQ) Communities

Special Collection: Sexual Violence in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex, or Queer (LGBTIQ) Communities

Table of Contents:


Introduction | Back to top

Individuals who identify as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex, or Queer* (LGBTIQ) often experience intense discrimination based on their sexuality or gender identity. Institutions and establishments in our society categorize and label human experience in ways that fail to recognize those with sexualities and gender identities outside of the confines of heterosexuality and gender as based on biological sex. These current definitions of human sexuality and gender identity limit our understanding of the LGBTIQ communities. Recognizing that no grouping of letters, LGBTIQ or otherwise, could fully grasp the continuum of sexuality and gender identity, the select resources and research in this special collection illustrates the LGBTIQ communities’ experiences with sexual violence within the US. Resources especially relevant to these individuals, as well as straight allies and professionals, address the issue of sexual violence in LGBTIQ communities, relationships, and the impact on society.

LGBTIQ-identified populations experience sexual violence at the same rate, and according to some sources, at higher rates, as the heterosexual population (Gay & Lesbian Times). Individuals may experience sexual violence from anyone: acquaintances, intimate partners, or strangers. According to several reports, people who identify as LGBTIQ are more likely to experience sexual violence by a stranger than their heterosexual counterparts (UMM Violence Prevention Center). Additionally, some individuals perpetrate hate crimes by targeting individuals who are or who they perceive to be LGBTIQ and use sexual assault, rape, and harassment as the form of violence.

LGBTIQ individuals often face additional challenges and barriers in reporting sexual violence and seeking services after trauma. Among these challenges, unintended outing, discrimination by reporting sources, additional harassment, and a lack of culturally competent services revictimize those who identify as LGBTIQ by creating a hostile environment. Anyone who experiences sexual violence deserves a safe space for healing, and this collection provides resources to aid in creating that safe space for LGBTIQ individuals.

The National Sexual Violence Resource Center gathered this collection in an effort to create an environment of cultural competence when serving or working with LGBTIQ-identified individuals. It complements the resources in the parallel collection, Preventing and Responding to Domestic Violence in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, or Queer (LGBTQ) Communities. We welcome any comments, feedback, or suggestions and we commit to updating this collection regularly.

* It is important to note, with any personal identity the language chosen by the individual to describe their identity is of the utmost importance. Language that one individual uses to describe their sexual identity can be considered offensive to the next. Definitions for these identities are not fixed and are always changing in meaning, both in society and by individuals.

Defining LGBTIQ Terms | Back to top

Understand that personal and societal concepts of sexuality and gender identity constantly change and evolve. Resources in this section provide some basic information for defining and understanding the life, culture, and identities of LGBTIQ individuals.

  • Transgender Basics | HTML HTML [19:28]
    by Rosa Juel Nordentoft for The Gender Identity Project and Center Media
    This short film provides interviews with individuals self-identified as Transgender or Genderqueer. It also presents an overview of the spectrum of gender identity and sexual orientation.
    + View Summary
  • A Straight Guide to GLBT Americans | PDF PDF (24 p.)
    by PFLAG: Parents, Families, and Friends of Lesbians and Gays & The Human Rights Campaign (2006)
    This reference guide serves as a resource for friends, family members, colleagues, and allies as they experience the coming out process with an individual who identifies as LGBTIQ.
    + View Summary
  • LGBTQIA Terminology | HTML HTML (12 p.)
    by Elizabeth R. Green and Eric N. Peterson at the LGBT Resource Center at US San Francisco (2003-04)
    This page provides a working list of terminology used to define or describe LGBTQIA individuals, and communities. It also provides a guide to gender neutral language and pronouns.
    + View Summary
  • National Transgender Discrimination Survey Preliminary Findings | PDF PDF (4 p.)
    by the National Center for Transgender Equality and the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (November 2009)
    This report on the preliminary findings of the National Transgender Discrimination Survey offers key findings, including statistics on unemployment, harassment on the job, loss of jobs, and housing instability.
    + View Summary
  • Shared Differences: The Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Students of Color in Our Nation’s Schools | PDF PDF (63 p.)
    by Elizabeth M. Diaz and Joseph G. Kosciw for the Gay, Lesbian, and Straight Education Network (2009)
    This report provides information on the experiences of LGBT students of color in school in the United States. The authors provide information on these experiences with the intention of ensuring that schools provide safe learning environments.
    + View Summary
  • Transgender Visibility: A Guide to Being You | PDF PDF (32 p.)
    by the Human Rights Campaign Foundation
    This guide individuals who identify as Transgender discusses coming out, self identity process, and myths and facts about being a trans woman or trans man.
    + View Summary

Sexual Violence in LGBTIQ Communities | Back to top

Resources listed in this section provide information on the prevalence of sexual violence within the LGBTIQ community and their lived experiences, as well as the services available. The titles listed in this section provide general information that may be helpful for LGBTIQ-identified people who have experienced violence, allies, and service providers.

  • California Sexual Assault report outlines alarming GLBT statistics | HTML HTML (3 p.)
    by Anna Lawlor for the Gay & Lesbian Times
    This article discusses a report released by CALCASA that suggests that lesbian and bisexual women are at increased risk for experiencing sexual violence. The author explores rates and prevalence among LGBT individuals reported by various anti-violence organizations in addition to CALCASA.
    + View Summary
  • Connections - Setting the Stage: Strategies for Supporting LGBTIQ Survivors | PDF PDF (28 p.)
    by Trisha Smith, editor for Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs (Winter 2010)
    This newsletter focuses exclusively on issues related to violence in LGBTIQ communities. Articles include information on interrupting problematic language, addressing the needs of trans survivors, and SANE protocol.
    + View Summary
  • Culturally Competent Service Provision to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Survivors of Sexual Violence | PDF PDF (19 p.)
    by Sabrina Gentlewarrior with contributions from Kim Fountain (September 2009)
    This Applied Research paper provides a review of the research focusing on LGBT survivors of sexual trauma and offers recommendations for culturally competent service provision to LGBT clients.
    + View Summary
  • For Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, & Questioning Survivors of Rape & Sexual Abuse | HTML HTML (2 p.)
    by the Pandora Project (2009)
    The Pandora Project provides online resources, tools, blogs, and groups for LGBTQ people with a history rape or sexual abuse. This page describes the services and resources available to LGBT survivors.
    + View Summary
  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, & Queer Community | HTML HTML (3 p.)
    by the Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs (2005)
    This document provides information specific to LGBTQ community members in an effort to provide culturally competent services. It includes information on specific tactics used by perpetrators in same-sex relationships and additional resources available to those who have experienced violence.
    + View Summary
  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Sexual Violence | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by the Morris Violence Prevention Center, University of Minnesota
    This pamphlet provides basic information on sexual violence and specific issues related LGBT individuals who experience sexual violence. It addresses facts and common issues faced in LGBT communities and provides information on what a person can do to help a friend or partner.
    + View Summary
  • LGBT Elders: Domestic Violence/Sexual Assault Resource Sheet | PDF PDF (2 p.)
    by Forge Forward (2008)
    This resource sheet addresses issues and provides resources related to LGBT individuals in later life. Links to other documents for LGBT elders facing various types of abuse are also provided.
    + View Summary
  • LGBT Intimate Partner Violence 101 | PDF PDF (34 p.)
    by The Pride Center
    This PowerPoint presentation discusses basic information on intimate partner violence in LGBT relationships. It defines common terms and phrases, provides information on both domestic and sexual violence in LGBT relationships and communities, and breaks down similarities and differences between LGBT and straight individuals who experience IPV.
    + View Summary
  • Psychological outcome among lesbian sexual assault survivors: An examination of the roles of internalized homophobia and experiential avoidance | PDF PDF (13 p.)
    by Sari D. Gold, Benjamin D. Dickstein, Brian P. Marx, and Jennifer M. Lexington (2009)
    This article explores sexual assault as it relates to internalized homophobia, post-traumatic stress disorder, and depression among lesbians. The authors suggest a link between internalized homophobia and emotional suppression and avoidance, noting that this increases PTSD symptoms.
    + View Summary
  • Sexual Assault and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Communities | PDF PDF (1 p.)
    by the New York State Coalition Against Sexual Assault
    This Frequently Asked Questions sheet on issues prevalent to LGBT individuals and communities addresses prevalence, motivation and perpetration of sexual assault. This document also discusses the issue of homophobia related sexual violence.
    + View Summary
  • The problem with the belief that child sexual abuse causes homosexuality/bisexuality | PDF PDF (5 p.)
    by Katy for the Pandora Project (2009)
    This article addresses the statistical discrepancies which the author asserts debunk the belief that sexual abuse in childhood causes homosexuality or bisexuality.
    + View Summary

Same-Sex Sexual Violence | Back to top

Resources in this section provide information related to LGBTIQ individuals who experience intimate partner violence, as well as individuals of any sexuality who experience sexual violence from someone of the same sex or gender. These resources may offer some understanding of the challenges to disclosing or reporting same-sex sexual assault or abuse.

  • Connections - Setting the Stage: Strategies for Supporting LGBTIQ Survivors | PDF PDF (28 p.)
    by Trisha Smith, editor for Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs (Winter 2010)
    This newsletter focuses exclusively on issues related to violence in LGBTIQ communities. Articles include information on interrupting problematic language, addressing the needs of trans survivors, and SANE protocol.
    + View Summary
  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Domestic/Intimate Partner Violence in the United States in 2009 | PDF PDF (104 p.)
    by the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (2010)
    This annual report found that LGBTQ domestic/intimate partner violence reports rose 15% since 2008 and is a pervasive social problem at a time when LGBTQ-specific programs were losing staff or closing altogether due to the economic crisis.
    + View Summary
  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, & Queer Community | PDF PDF (3 p.)
    by the Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs (2005)
    This document provides information specific to LGBTQ community members in an effort to provide culturally competent services. It includes information on specific tactics used by perpetrators in same-sex relationships and additional resources available to those who have experienced violence.
    + View Summary
  • LGBT Intimate Partner Violence 101 | PDF PDF (34 p.)
    by The Pride Center
    This PowerPoint presentation discusses basic information on intimate partner violence in LGBT relationships. It defines common terms and phrases, provides information on both domestic and sexual violence in LGBT relationships and communities, and breaks down similarities and differences between LGBT and straight individuals who experience IPV.
    + View Summary
  • Violence and Sexual Assault in Lesbian Relationships | PDF PDF (12 p.)
    by Sexual Assault Survivors’ Centre (2006)
    This resource developed specifically for lesbians who experienced intimate partner violence addresses common challenges and barriers, issues unique to same-gender violence, safety planning resources, and definitions of abuse.
    + View Summary

Sexual Assault as a Hate Crime | Back to top

Sexual assault perpetrated against any person based on their perceived sexuality or gender identity is a hate crime. Resources in this section provide information on sexual violence as a hate crime.

  • DADT Commentary Suggests Corrective Rape for Lesbians | HTML HTML (1 p.)
    by Julie Bolcer for the Advocate (2010)
    This article reacts to comments on the proposed appeal of the “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” policy that keeps LGBTIQ individuals from openly serving in the military.
    + View Summary
  • Dealing with Rape as a “Hate Crime” within the Lesbian Community | PDF PDF (6 p.)
    by Katy for Pandora’s Aquarium
    This article addresses the use of sexual violence as a weapon in hate crimes against lesbians. It provides resources for dealing with the aftermath of a sexual assault, as well as information on the prevalence of this type of bias-based crime.
    + View Summary
  • Hate Violence Against the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Communities in the United States in 2009 | PDF PDF (88 p.)
    by Maryse Mitchell-Brody and Andrea J. Ritchie for the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (NCAVP) (2010)
    This report documents hate-motivated violence against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) people in 2009 in the US, including statistics, trends, narratives and responses and recommendations for change.
    + View Summary
  • Sexual Assault in the Transgender Communities | PDF PDF (1 p.)
    by Arlene Istar Lev and S. Sundance Lev (1999)
    This article relates the experiences of sexual violence as a hate crime and challenges of labeling such crimes in a binary gender system. It includes stories of two transgender persons who experienced sexual assault in both an intimate relationship and by strangers.
    + View Summary
  • What to do if you’ve been the victim of a hate crime | PDF PDF (1 p.)
    by the Human Rights Campaign (2010)
    This resource provides information on what a person who has experienced a hate crime can do to report it and find support.
    + View Summary
  • Why It Matters: Rethinking Victim Assistance for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Victims of Hate Violence and Intimate Partner Violence | PDF PDF (15 p.)
    by The National Center for Victims of Crime and the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (March 2010)
    This report describes widespread gaps in victim services for LGBTQ victims of crime and recommends steps to improve both the services and their accessibility.
    + View Summary

Sexual Assault and the Transgender Community | Back to top

Transgender, trans, genderqueer and many others are terms used to describe a person who identifies with a gender that is different from the sex assigned at birth. Resources listed here address specific issues and concerns for this population as they face sexual violence.

  • Connections - Setting the Stage: Strategies for Supporting LGBTIQ Survivors | PDF PDF (28 p.)
    by Trisha Smith, editor for Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs (Winter 2010)
    This newsletter focuses exclusively on issues related to violence in LGBTIQ communities. Articles include information on interrupting problematic language, addressing the needs of trans survivors, and SANE protocol.
    + View Summary
  • Giving Voice: Gender Identity and Sexual Trauma | HTML HTML (2 p.)
    by michael munson for Forge, Connectivity Volume 7, Issue 2-3 (February 2003)
    This article provides a personal account of a transgender man’s experiences in healing from sexual trauma. He shares personal challenges in seeking support and healing, as well as positive factors during transition.
    + View Summary
  • Injustice at Every Turn | PDF PDF (228 p.)
    by Jaime M. Grant, Lisa A. Mottet, and Justin Tanis for the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force and the National Center for Transgender Equality (2011)
    This report provides a summary of the National Transgender Discrimination Survey, including the prevalence and experience of sexual violence, in addition to many other forms of discrimination and hate crime by transgender individuals.
    + View Summary
  • Practical Tips for Working with Transgender Survivors of Sexual Violence | PDF PDF (9 p.)
    by michael munson for FORGE (For Ourselves: Reworking Gender Expression) (2006)
    This document provides information and key concepts related to the trans community, discusses the experiences of trans survivors, and offers ten concrete tips for working with trans victims of sexual assault. Includes a list of common identity labels.
    + View Summary
  • Re/Defining Gender and Sex: Education for Trans, Transsexual and Intersex Access and Inclusion to Sexual Assault Centres and Transition Houses | PDF PDF (196 p.)
    by Caroline White (2002)
    Research conducted and presented in a master’s thesis provides insight and reflection on issues, challenges, and cultural climates of sexual assault service providers in British Columbia. Sexual assault centers and advocates may find this research helpful in working to build culturally competent services and capacities.
    + View Summary
  • *Trauma Warning* Statement from a Transgender Woman Prisoner in California | PDF PDF (3 p.)
    by TGI Justice Project (2006)
    This document includes a testimonial submitted by a transgender woman serving a life sentence in California on her experiences of sexual assault in prison and the systems that fail to keep her safe. It also includes statistical information based on letters received by Stop Prison Rape, an organization dedicated to ending sexual assaults in the prison system.
    + View Summary
  • Sexual Assault in the Transgender Communities | HTML HTML ( p.)
    by Arlene Istar Lev and S. Sundance Lev (1999)
    This article relates the experiences of sexual violence as a hate crime and challenges of labeling such crimes in a binary gender system. It includes stories of two transgender persons who experienced sexual assault in both an intimate relationship and by strangers.
    + View Summary
  • Transgender Youth Survivors: Understanding, Serving, Celebrating | HTML HTML
    by michael munson and Loree Cook-Daniels for the Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs (December 16, 2010)
    This webinar provides information for service providers on working transgender youth who have experienced sexual violence.
    + View Summary
  • Understanding the Transgendered Community: A Technical Assistance Bulletin for Sexual Assault Counselors and Advocates | PDF PDF (3 p.)
    by the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape (September 2007)
    This resource provides direct service and prevention advocates with information about violence against the transgendered community and possible responses.
    + View Summary

Sexual Violence in United States Prisons | Back to top

LGBTIQ individuals in the U.S. prison system are exposed to overwhelmingly high rates of sexual violence and little or no protection from the systems and policies in place (Just Detention International). These resources review the problem of sexual violence in prison, the experiences of some LGBTIQ prisoners, and recommendations for policy changes to protect basic human rights.

  • A Call for Change: Protecting the Rights of LGBTQ Detainees | PDF PDF (6 p.)
    by Just Detention International (February 2009)
    This article explores the danger of sexual violence experienced by LGBTQ prisoners. Reporting on the inmate survey mandated by the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA), this article includes recommendations on raising awareness, ensuring safety, training staff, and responding to reports of sexual violence.
    + View Summary
  • Hope for Healing: Information for Survivors of Sexual Assault in Detention | PDF PDF (33 p.)
    by Stop Prisoner Rape (2009)
    The purpose of this resource is to provide information, resources, and access to support and healing for people who have experienced sexual assault or abuse while in prison.
    + View Summary
  • No escape: Male rape in U.S. prisons | PDF PDF
    by Human Rights Watch (2001)
    This report discusses the context of male rape in prison and the roles of consent, coercion, manipulation, threat of violence, violence and sexual slavery.
    + View Summary
  • Policy Recommendations Regarding LGBT People in California Prisons | PDF PDF (3 p.)
    by the Transgender Law Center (2009)
    This list of recommendations for helping to keep LGBTQ prisoners safe while incarcerated are specific to the California prison system, however many of these suggestions could be universally adapted to ensure safer incarceration.
    + View Summary
  • *Trauma Warning* Statement from a Transgender Woman Prisoner in California | PDF PDF (3 p.)
    by TGI Justice Project (2006)
    This document includes a testimonial submitted by a transgender woman serving a life sentence in California on her experiences of sexual assault in prison and the systems that fail to keep her safe. It also includes statistical information based on letters received by Stop Prison Rape, an organization dedicated to ending sexual assaults in the prison system.
    + View Summary
  • Still in Danger | PDF PDF (14 p.)
    by Stop Prison Rape and the National Prison Project of the American Civil Liberties Union (2005)
    This report provides information on the prevalence of sexual assault perpetrated against transgender prisoners and the system challenges that impose additional danger or threat to transgender individuals.
    + View Summary

Improving Services for LGBTIQ Individuals | Back to top

This section provides information and resources for professionals seeking to provide culturally competent services to individuals in the LGBTIQ community.

  • Connections - Setting the Stage: Strategies for Supporting LGBTIQ Survivors | PDF PDF (28 p.)
    by Trisha Smith, editor for Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs (Winter 2010)
    This newsletter focuses exclusively on issues related to violence in LGBTIQ communities. Articles include information on interrupting problematic language, addressing the needs of trans survivors, and SANE protocol.
    + View Summary
  • Culturally Competent Service Provision to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Survivors of Sexual Violence | PDF PDF (19 p.)
    by Sabrina Gentlewarrior with contributions from Kim Fountain (September 2009)
    This Applied Research paper provides a review of the research focusing on LGBT survivors of sexual trauma and offers recommendations for culturally competent service provision to LGBT clients.
    + View Summary
  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, & Queer Community | PDF PDF (3 p.)
    by the Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs (2005)
    This document provides information specific to LGBTQ community members in an effort to provide culturally competent services. It includes information on specific tactics used by perpetrators in same-sex relationships and additional resources available to those who have experienced violence.
    + View Summary
  • Practical Tips for Working with Transgender Survivors of Sexual Violence | PDF PDF (9 p.)
    by michael munson for FORGE (For Ourselves: Reworking Gender Expression) (2006)
    This document provides information and key concepts related to the trans community, discusses the experiences of trans survivors, and offers ten concrete tips for working with trans victims of sexual assault. Includes a list of common identity labels.
    + View Summary
  • Psychological outcome among lesbian sexual assault survivors: An examination of the roles of internalized homophobia and experiential avoidance | PDF PDF (13 p.)
    by Sari D. Gold, Benjamin D. Dickstein, Brian P. Marx, and Jennifer M. Lexington (2009)
    This article explores sexual assault as it relates to internalized homophobia, post-traumatic stress disorder, and depression among lesbians. The authors suggest a link between internalized homophobia and emotional suppression and avoidance, noting that this increases PTSD symptoms.
    + View Summary
  • Re/Defining Gender and Sex: Education for Trans, Transsexual and Intersex Access and Inclusion to Sexual Assault Centres and Transition Houses | PDF PDF (196 p.)
    by Caroline White (2002)
    Research conducted and presented in a master’s thesis provides insight and reflection on issues, challenges, and cultural climates of sexual assault service providers in British Columbia. Sexual assault centers and advocates may find this research helpful in working to build culturally competent services and capacities.
    + View Summary
  • Transgender Youth Survivors: Understanding, Serving, Celebrating | HTML HTML
    by michael munson and Loree Cook-Daniels for the Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs (December 16, 2010)
    This webinar provides information for service providers on working transgender youth who have experienced sexual violence.
    + View Summary
  • Understanding the Transgendered Community: A Technical Assistance Bulletin for Sexual Assault Counselors and Advocates | PDF PDF ( p.)
    by the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape (September 2007)
    This resource provides direct service and prevention advocates with information about violence against the transgendered community and possible responses.
    + View Summary
  • Violence and Sexual Assault in Lesbian Relationships | PDF PDF (12 p.)
    by Sexual Assault Survivors’ Centre (2006)
    This resource developed specifically for lesbians who experienced intimate partner violence addresses common challenges and barriers, issues unique to same-gender violence, safety planning resources, and definitions of abuse.
    + View Summary
  • Why It Matters: Rethinking Victim Assistance for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Victims of Hate Violence and Intimate Partner Violence | PDF PDF (15 p.)
    by The National Center for Victims of Crime and the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (March 2010)
    This report describes widespread gaps in victim services for LGBTQ victims of crime and recommends steps to improve both the services and their accessibility.
    + View Summary

Additional Resources | Back to top

Advocates for Youth: “Advocates for Youth champions efforts that help young people make informed and responsible decisions about their reproductive and sexual health. Advocates believes it can best serve the field by boldly advocating for a more positive and realistic approach to adolescent sexual health. Advocates focuses its work on young people ages 14-25 in the U.S. and around the globe.”

Community United Against Violence (CUAV): “Founded in 1979, Community United Against Violence (CUAV) works to build the power of LGBTQQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning) communities to transform violence and oppression. We support the healing and leadership of those impacted by abuse and mobilize our broader communities to replace cycles of trauma with cycles of safety and liberation. As part of the larger social justice movement, CUAV works to create truly safe communities where everyone can thrive.”

FORGE: “FORGE (For Ourselves: Reworking Gender Expression) is a national education, advocacy and support umbrella organization supporting FTMs (female-to-male transsexuals and transgenderists, and others who were assigned female at birth but who have some level of masculine identification) and SOFFAs (Significant Others, Family, Friends and Allies).”

GLSEN: Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network: “is the leading national education organization focused on ensuring safe schools for all students. Established in 1990, GLSEN envisions a world in which every child learns to respect and accept all people, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity/expression. GLSEN seeks to develop school climates where difference is valued for the positive contribution it makes to creating a more vibrant and diverse community.”

Human Rights Campaign: “The Human Rights Campaign is America's largest civil rights organization working to achieve lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) equality. By inspiring and engaging all Americans, HRC strives to end discrimination against LGBT citizens and realize a nation that achieves fundamental fairness and equality for all.”

LAMBDA: “LAMBDA is a non-profit, gay / lesbian / bisexual / transgender agency dedicated to reducing homophobia, inequality, hate crimes, and discrimination by encouraging self-acceptance, cooperation, and non-violence.”

Lesbian, Gay Bisexual & Transgender Community Center: "The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender Community Center provides a home for the birth, nurture and celebration of our organizations, institutions and culture; cares for our individuals and groups in need; educates the public and our community; and empowers our individuals and groups to achieve their fullest potential."

LGBT National Help Center: “Providing free and confidential telephone and internet peer-counseling, information and local resources for gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and questioning callers throughout the United States.”

National Center for Transgender Equality: “The National Center for Transgender Equality (NCTE) is a 501(c)3 social justice organization dedicated to advancing the equality of transgender people through advocacy, collaboration and empowerment.”

National Gay and Lesbian Task Force: “The mission of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force is to build the grassroots power of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community. We do this by training activists, equipping state and local organizations with the skills needed to organize broad-based campaigns to defeat anti-LGBT referenda and advance pro-LGBT legislation, and building the organizational capacity of our movement.”

National Resource Center on LGBT Aging: "The National Resource Center on LGBT Aging is the country's first and only technical assistance resource center aimed at improving the quality of services and supports offered to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) older adults."

Pandora's Project: Provides support, resources, message boards, and articles related to sexual assault, as well as specific resources for LGBTIQ communities.

PFLAG Parents, Families, and Friends of Lesbians and Gays: “A national support, education and advocacy organization for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people, their families, friends and allies. With 200,000 members and supporters, and local affiliates in more than 500 communities across the U.S. and abroad, PFLAG is the largest grassroots-based family organization of its kind.”

Survivor Project: “is a non-profit organization dedicated to addressing the needs of intersex and trans survivors of domestic and sexual violence through caring action, education and expanding access to resources and to opportunities for action. Since 1997, we have provided presentations, workshops, consultation, materials, information and referrals to many anti-violence organizations and universities across the country, as well as gathered information about issues faced by intersex and trans survivors of domestic and sexual violence.”

Transgender Law Center: “At the Transgender Law Center, we work with community members and allies to make California a state in which we can all fully and freely express our gender identities. On our site, you'll find one of the nation's most comprehensive collections of resources on transgender law, information about our innovative projects. Contact us if you're in California and have questions about our work, your rights, or the best way to create a non-discriminatory education, health care, employment, or business environment.”

Trans Youth Family Allies: “TYFA empowers children and families by partnering with educators, service providers and communities, to develop supportive environments in which gender may be expressed and respected. We envision a society free of suicide and violence in which ALL children are respected and celebrated. “